The discovery of rest-frame UV colour gradients and a diversity of dust morphologies in bright z ≃ 7 Lyman-break galaxies
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Oxford University Press 510:4 (2021) 5088-5101
Abstract:We present deep ALMA dust continuum observations for a sample of luminous (MUV < −22) star-forming galaxies at z ≃ 7. We detect five of the six sources in the far-infrared (FIR), providing key constraints on the obscured star-formation rate (SFR) and the infrared-excess-β (IRX–β) relation without the need for stacking. Despite the galaxies showing blue rest-frame UV slopes (β ≃ −2) we find that 35–75 percent of the total SFR is obscured. We find the IRX–β relation derived for these z ≃ 7 sources is consistent with that found for local star-burst galaxies. Using our relatively high-resolution (FWHM ≃ 0.7 arcsec) observations we identify a diversity of dust morphologies in the sample. We find both compact emission that appears offset relative to the unobscured components and extended dust emission that is co-spatial with the rest-frame UV light. In the majority of the sources we detect strong rest-frame UV colour gradients (with up to Δβ ≃ 0.7–1.4) as probed by the multi-band UltraVISTA ground-based data. The observed redder colours are spatially correlated with the location of the FIR detection. Our results show that even in bright Lyman-break galaxies at z ≃ 7 the peak of the star-formation is typically hosted by the fainter, redder, regions in the rest-frame UV, which have an obscured fraction of fobs ≥ 0.8. As well as demonstrating the importance of dust obscured star-formation within the Epoch of Reionization, these observations provide an exciting taster of the rich spatially resolved datasets that will be obtained from JWST and high-resolution ALMA follow-up at these redshifts.
A deep radio view of the evolution of the cosmic star formation rate density from a stellar-mass-selected sample in VLA-COSMOS
MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 509:3 (2021) 4291-4307
MIGHTEE-H I: the baryonic Tully-Fisher relation over the last billion years
MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 508:1 (2021) 1195-1205
Normal, dust-obscured galaxies in the epoch of reionization.
Nature 597:7877 (2021) 489-492
Abstract:Over the past decades, rest-frame ultraviolet (UV) observations have provided large samples of UV luminous galaxies at redshift (z) greater than 6 (refs. 1-3), during the so-called epoch of reionization. While a few of these UV-identified galaxies revealed substantial dust reservoirs4-7, very heavily dust-obscured sources at these early times have remained elusive. They are limited to a rare population of extreme starburst galaxies8-12 and companions of rare quasars13,14. These studies conclude that the contribution of dust-obscured galaxies to the cosmic star formation rate density at z > 6 is sub-dominant. Recent ALMA and Spitzer observations have identified a more abundant, less extreme population of obscured galaxies at z = 3-6 (refs. 15,16). However, this population has not been confirmed in the reionization epoch so far. Here, we report the discovery of two dust-obscured star-forming galaxies at z = 6.6813 ± 0.0005 and z = 7.3521 ± 0.0005. These objects are not detected in existing rest-frame UV data and were discovered only through their far-infrared [C II] lines and dust continuum emission as companions to typical UV-luminous galaxies at the same redshift. The two galaxies exhibit lower infrared luminosities and star-formation rates than extreme starbursts, in line with typical star-forming galaxies at z ≈ 7. This population of heavily dust-obscured galaxies appears to contribute 10-25% to the z > 6 cosmic star formation rate density.
MIGHTEE-HI: discovery of an H I-rich galaxy group at z = 0.044 with MeerKAT
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Oxford University Press 506:2 (2021) 2753-2765