Constraint on the Matter-Antimatter Symmetry-Violating Phase in Neutrino Oscillations

ArXiv 1910.03887

Authors:

K Abe, R Akutsu, A Ali, C Alt, C Andreopoulos, L Anthony, M Antonova, S Aoki, A Ariga, Y Asada, Y Ashida, ET Atkin, Y Awataguchi, S Ban, M Barbi, GJ Barker, G Barr, C Barry, M Batkiewicz-Kwasniak, A Beloshapkin, F Bench, V Berardi, S Berkman, L Berns, S Bhadra, S Bienstock, A Blondel, S Bolognesi, B Bourguille, SB Boyd, D Brailsford, A Bravar, D Bravo Berguño, C Bronner, A Bubak, M Buizza Avanzini, J Calcutt, T Campbell, S Cao, SL Cartwright, MG Catanesi, A Cervera, A Chappell, C Checchia, D Cherdack, N Chikuma, G Christodoulou, J Coleman, G Collazuol, L Cook, D Coplowe, A Cudd, A Dabrowska, G De Rosa, T Dealtry, PF Denner, SR Dennis, C Densham, F Di Lodovico, N Dokania, S Dolan, O Drapier, J Dumarchez, P Dunne, L Eklund, S Emery-Schrenk, A Ereditato, P Fernandez, T Feusels, AJ Finch, GA Fiorentini, G Fiorillo, C Francois, M Friend, Y Fujii, R Fujita, D Fukuda, R Fukuda, Y Fukuda, K Gameil, C Giganti, T Golan, M Gonin, A Gorin, M Guigue, DR Hadley, JT Haigh, P Hamacher-Baumann, M Hartz, T Hasegawa, NC Hastings, T Hayashino, Y Hayato, A Hiramoto, M Hogan, J Holeczek, NT Hong Van, F Iacob, AK Ichikawa, M Ikeda, T Ishida, T Ishii, M Ishitsuka, K Iwamoto, A Izmaylov, B Jamieson, SJ Jenkins, C Jesús-Valls, M Jiang, S Johnson, P Jonsson, CK Jung, M Kabirnezhad, AC Kaboth, T Kajita, H Kakuno, J Kameda, D Karlen, SP Kasetti, Y Kataoka, T Katori, Y Kato, E Kearns, M Khabibullin, A Khotjantsev, T Kikawa, H Kim, J Kim, S King, J Kisiel, A Knight, A Knox, T Kobayashi, L Koch, T Koga, A Konaka, LL Kormos, Y Koshio, K Kowalik, H Kubo, Y Kudenko, N Kukita, S Kuribayashi, R Kurjata, T Kutter, M Kuze, L Labarga, J Lagoda, M Lamoureux, M Laveder, M Lawe, M Licciardi, T Lindner, RP Litchfield, SL Liu, X Li, A Longhin, L Ludovici, X Lu, T Lux, LN Machado, L Magaletti, K Mahn, M Malek, S Manly, L Maret, AD Marino, JF Martin, T Maruyama, T Matsubara, K Matsushita, V Matveev, K Mavrokoridis, E Mazzucato, M McCarthy, N McCauley, KS McFarland, C McGrew, A Mefodiev, C Metelko, M Mezzetto, A Minamino, O Mineev, S Mine, M Miura, L Molina Bueno, S Moriyama, J Morrison, Th A Mueller, L Munteanu, S Murphy, Y Nagai, T Nakadaira, M Nakahata, Y Nakajima, A Nakamura, KG Nakamura, K Nakamura, S Nakayama, T Nakaya, K Nakayoshi, C Nantais, TV Ngoc, K Niewczas, K Nishikawa, Y Nishimura, TS Nonnenmacher, F Nova, P Novella, J Nowak, JC Nugent, HM O'Keeffe, L O'Sullivan, T Odagawa, K Okumura, T Okusawa, SM Oser, RA Owen, Y Oyama, V Palladino, JL Palomino, V Paolone, WC Parker, P Paudyal, M Pavin, D Payne, GC Penn, L Pickering, C Pidcott, G Pintaudi, ES Pinzon Guerra, C Pistillo, B Popov, K Porwit, M Posiadala-Zezula, A Pritchard, B Quilain, T Radermacher, E Radicioni, B Radics, PN Ratoff, E Reinherz-Aronis, C Riccio, E Rondio, S Roth, A Rubbia, AC Ruggeri, A Rychter, K Sakashita, F Sánchez, CM Schloesser, K Scholberg, J Schwehr, M Scott, Y Seiya, T Sekiguchi, H Sekiya, D Sgalaberna, R Shah, A Shaikhiev, F Shaker, A Shaykina, M Shiozawa, W Shorrock, A Shvartsman, A Smirnov, M Smy, JT Sobczyk, H Sobel, FJP Soler, Y Sonoda, J Steinmann, S Suvorov, A Suzuki, SY Suzuki, Y Suzuki, AA Sztuc, M Tada, M Tajima, A Takeda, Y Takeuchi, HK Tanaka, HA Tanaka, S Tanaka, LF Thompson, W Toki, C Touramanis, KM Tsui, T Tsukamoto, M Tzanov, Y Uchida, W Uno, M Vagins, S Valder, Z Vallari, D Vargas, G Vasseur, C Vilela, WGS Vinning, T Vladisavljevic, VV Volkov, T Wachala, J Walker, JG Walsh, Y Wang, D Wark, MO Wascko, A Weber, R Wendell, MJ Wilking, C Wilkinson, JR Wilson, RJ Wilson, K Wood, C Wret, Y Yamada, K Yamamoto, C Yanagisawa, G Yang, T Yano, K Yasutome, S Yen, N Yershov, M Yokoyama, T Yoshida, M Yu, A Zalewska, J Zalipska, K Zaremba, G Zarnecki, M Ziembicki, ED Zimmerman, M Zito, S Zsoldos, A Zykova

Abstract:

The current laws of physics do not explain the observed imbalance of matter and antimatter in the universe. Sakharov proposed that an explanation would require the violation of CP symmetry between matter and antimatter. The only CP violation observed so far is in the weak interactions of quarks, and it is too small to explain the matter-antimatter imbalance of the universe. It has been shown that CP violation in the lepton sector could generate the matter-antimatter disparity through the process called leptogenesis. The quantum mixing of neutrinos, the neutral leptons in the Standard Model, provides a potential source of CP violation through a complex phase dCP, which may have consequences for theoretical models of leptogenesis. This CP violation can be measured in muon neutrino to electron neutrino oscillations and the corresponding antineutrino oscillations, which are experimentally accessible with accelerator-produced beams as established by the T2K experiment. Until now, the value of dCP has not been significantly constrained by neutrino oscillation experiments. Here the T2K collaboration reports a measurement that favors large enhancement of the neutrino oscillation probability, excluding values of dCP which result in a large enhancement of the observed anti-neutrino oscillation probability at three standard deviations (3 sigma). The 3 sigma confidence level interval for dCP, which is cyclic and repeats every 2pi, is [-3.41,-0.03] for the so-called normal mass ordering, and [-2.54,-0.32] for the inverted mass ordering. Our results show an indication of CP violation in the lepton sector. Herein we establish methods for sensitive searches for matter-antimatter asymmetry in neutrino oscillations using accelerator-produced neutrino beams. Future measurements with larger data samples will determine whether the leptonic CP violation is larger than the quark sector CP violation.

Robust test statistics for data sets with missing correlation information

Physical Review D American Physical Society 103:11 (2021) 113008

Abstract:

Not all experiments publish their results with a description of the correlations between the data points. This makes it difficult to do hypothesis tests or model fits with that data, since just assuming no correlation can lead to an overestimation or underestimation of the resulting uncertainties. This work presents robust test statistics that can be used with datasets with missing correlation information. They are exact in the case of no correlation and either guaranteed to be conservative—i.e., the uncertainty is never underestimated—in the presence of correlations, or they are also exact in the degenerate case of perfect correlation between the data points.

Improved constraints on neutrino mixing from the T2K experiment with 3.13 x 10(21) protons on target

PHYSICAL REVIEW D 103:11 (2021) ARTN 112008

Authors:

K Abe, N Akhlaq, R Akutsu, A Ali, C Alt, C Andreopoulos, M Antonova, S Aoki, T Arihara, Y Asada, Y Ashida, ET Atkin, Y Awataguchi, GJ Barker, G Barr, D Barrow, M Batkiewicz-Kwasniak, A Beloshapkin, F Bench, V Berardi, L Berns, S Bhadra, A Blanchet, A Blondel, S Bolognesi, T Bonus, B Bourguille, SB Boyd, A Bravar, D Bravo Berguno, C Bronner, S Bron, A Bubak, M Buizza Avanzini, S Cao, SL Cartwright, MG Catanesi, A Cervera, J Chakrani, D Cherdack, G Christodoulou, M Cicerchia, J Coleman, G Collazuol, L Cook, D Coplowe, A Cudd, G De Rosa, T Dealtry, CC Delogu, SR Dennis, C Densham, A Dergacheva, F Di Lodovico, S Dolan, D Douqa, TA Doyle, J Dumarchez, P Dunne, A Eguchi, L Eklund, S Emery-Schrenk, A Ereditato, AJ Finch, G Fiorillo, C Francois, M Friend, Y Fujii, R Fukuda, Y Fukuda, K Fusshoeller, C Giganti, M Gonin, EAG Goodman, A Gorin, M Grassi, M Guigue, DR Hadley, P Hamacher-Baumann, DA Harris, M Hartz, T Hasegawa, S Hassani, NC Hastings, Y Hayato, A Hiramoto, M Hogan, J Holeczek, NT Hong Van, T Honjo, F Iacob, AK Ichikawa, M Ikeda, T Ishida, M Ishitsuka, K Iwamoto, A Izmaylov, N Izumi, M Jakkapu, B Jamieson, SJ Jenkins, C Jesus-Valls, JJ Jiang, P Jonsson, CK Jung, PB Jurj, M Kabirnezhad, H Kakuno, J Kameda, SP Kasetti, Y Kataoka, Y Katayama, T Katori, E Kearns, M Khabibullin, A Khotjantsev, T Kikawa, H Kikutani, S King, J Kisiel, T Kobata, T Kobayashi, L Koch, A Konaka, LL Kormos, Y Koshio, A Kostin, K Kowalik, Y Kudenko, S Kuribayashi, R Kurjata, T Kutter, M Kuze, L Labarga, J Lagoda, M Lamoureux, D Last, M Laveder, M Lawe, S-K Lin, RP Litchfield, SL Liu, A Longhin, L Ludovici, X Lu, T Lux, LN Machado, L Magaletti, K Mahn, M Malek, S Manly, L Maret, AD Marino, L Marti-Magro, T Maruyama, T Matsubara, K Matsushita, C Mauger, A Maurel, K Mavrokoridis, E Mazzucato, N McCauley, J McElwee, KS McFarland, C McGrew, A Mefodiev, GD Megias, L Mellet, M Mezzetto, A Minamino, O Mineev, S Mine, M Miura, L Molina Bueno, S Moriyama, Th A Mueller, D Munford, L Munteanu, Y Nagai, T Nakadaira, M Nakahata, Y Nakajima, A Nakamura, H Nakamura, K Nakamura, Y Nakano, S Nakayama, T Nakaya, K Nakayoshi, CER Naseby, VQ Nguyen, K Niewczas, Y Nishimura, K Nishizaki, E Noah, TS Nonnenmacher, F Nova, J Nowak, JC Nugent, HM O'Keeffe, L O'Sullivan, T Odagawa, T Ogawa, R Okada, K Okumura, T Okusawa, RA Owen, Y Oyama, V Palladino, V Paolone, M Pari, WC Parker, J Parlone, S Parsa, J Pasternak, M Pavin, D Payne, GC Penn, D Pershey, L Pickering, C Pidcott, G Pintaudi, C Pistillo, B Popov, K Porwit, M Posiadala-Zezula, A Pritchard, B Quilain, T Radermacher, E Radicioni, B Radics, PN Ratoff, M Reh, C Riccio, E Rondio, S Roth, A Rubbia, AC Ruggeri, CA Ruggles, A Rychter, LSM Lakshmi, K Sakashita, F Sanchez, G Santucci, CM Schloesser, K Scholberg, M Scott, Y Seiya, T Sekiguchi, H Sekiya, D Sgalaberna, A Shaikhiev, A Shaykina, M Shiozawa, W Shorrock, A Shvartsman, K Skwarczynski, M Smy, JT Sobczyk, H Sobel, FJP Soler, Y Sonoda, R Spina, S Suvorov, A Suzuki, SY Suzuki, Y Suzuki, AA Sztuc, M Tada, M Tajima, A Takeda, Y Takeuchi, HK Tanaka, Y Tanihara, M Tani, N Teshima, N Thamm, LF Thompson, W Toki, C Touramanis, T Towstego, KM Tsui, T Tsukamoto, M Tzanov, Y Uchida, M Vagins, S Valder, D Vargas, G Vasseur, C Vilela, WGS Vinning, T Vladisavljevic, T Wachala, J Walker, JG Walsh, Y Wang, L Wan, D Wark, MO Wascko, A Weber, R Wendell, MJ Wilking, C Wilkinson, JR Wilson, K Wood, C Wret, J Xia, Y-H Xu, K Yamamoto, C Yanagisawa, G Yang, T Yano, K Yasutome, N Yershov, M Yokoyama, T Yoshida, Y Yoshimoto, M Yu, R Zaki, A Zalewska, J Zalipska, K Zaremba, G Zarnecki, M Ziembicki, M Zito, S Zsoldos, T2K Collaboration

Supernova neutrino burst detection with the deep underground neutrino experiment

EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL C 81:5 (2021) ARTN 423

Authors:

R Acciarri, MA Acero, G Adamov, D Adams, M Adinolfi, Z Ahmad, J Ahmed, T Alion, S Alonso Monsalve, C Alt, J Anderson, C Andreopoulos, MP Andrews, F Andrianala, S Andringa, A Ankowski, M Antonova, S Antusch, A Aranda-Fernandez, A Ariga, LO Arnold, MA Arroyave, J Asaadi, A Aurisano, V Aushev, D Autiero, F Azfar, H Back, JJ Back, C Backhouse, P Baesso, L Bagby, R Bajou, S Balasubramanian, P Baldi, B Bambah, F Barao, G Barenboim, GJ Barker, W Barkhouse, C Barnes, G Barr, J Barranco Monarca, N Barros, JL Barrow, A Bashyal, V Basque, F Bay, JL Bazo Alba, JF Beacom, E Bechetoille, B Behera, L Bellantoni, G Bellettini, V Bellini, O Beltramello, D Belver, N Benekos, F Bento Neves, J Berger, S Berkman, P Bernardini, RM Berner, H Berns, S Bertolucci, M Betancourt, Y Bezawada, M Bhattacharjee, B Bhuyan, S Biagi, J Bian, M Biassoni, K Biery, B Bilki, M Bishai, A Bitadze, A Blake, B Blanco Siffert, FDM Blaszczyk, GC Blazey, E Blucher, J Boissevain, S Bolognesi, T Bolton, M Bonesini, M Bongrand, F Bonini, A Booth, C Booth, S Bordoni, A Borkum, T Boschi, N Bostan, P Bour, SB Boyd, D Boyden, J Bracinik, D Braga, D Brailsford, A Brandt, J Bremer, C Brew, E Brianne, SJ Brice, C Brizzolari, C Bromberg, G Brooijmans, J Brooke, A Bross, G Brunetti, N Buchanan, H Budd, D Caiulo, P Calafiura, J Calcutt, M Calin, S Calvez, E Calvo, L Camilleri, A Caminata, M Campanelli, D Caratelli, G Carini, B Carlus, P Carniti, I Caro Terrazas, H Carranza, A Castillo, C Castromonte, C Cattadori, F Cavalier, F Cavanna, S Centro, G Cerati, A Cervelli, A Cervera Villanueva, M Chalifour, C Chang, E Chardonnet, A Chatterjee, S Chattopadhyay, J Chaves, H Chen, M Chen, Y Chen, D Cherdack, C Chi, S Childress, A Chiriacescu, K Cho, S Choubey, A Christensen, D Christian, G Christodoulou, E Church, P Clarke, TE Coan, AG Cocco, JAB Coelho, E Conley, JM Conrad, M Convery, L Corwin, P Cotte, L Cremaldi, L Cremonesi, JI Crespo-Anadon, E Cristaldo, R Cross, C Cuesta, Y Cui, D Cussans, M Dabrowski, H da Motta, L Da Silva Peres, C David, Q David, GS Davies, S Davini, J Dawson, K De, RM De Almeida, P Debbins, I De Bonis, MP Decowski, A de Gouvea, PC De Holanda, IL De Icaza Astiz, A Deisting, P De Jong, A Delbart, D Delepine, M Delgado, A Dell-Acqua, P De Lurgio, JRT de Mello Neto, DM DeMuth, S Dennis, C Densham, G Deptuch, A De Roeck, V De Romeri, JJ De Vries, R Dharmapalan, M Dias, F Diaz, JS Diaz, S Di Domizio, L Di Giulio, P Ding, L Di Noto, C Distefano, R Diurba, M Diwan, Z Djurcic, N Dokania, MJ Dolinski, L Domine, D Douglas, F Drielsma, D Duchesneau, K Duffy, P Dunne, T Durkin, H Duyang, O Dvornikov, DA Dwyer, AS Dyshkant, M Eads, D Edmunds, J Eisch, S Emery, A Ereditato, CO Escobar, L Escudero Sanchez, JJ Evans, E Ewart, AC Ezeribe, K Fahey, A Falcone, C Farnese, Y Farzan, J Felix, E Fernandez-Martinez, P Fernandez Menendez, F Ferraro, L Fields, A Filkins, F Filthaut, RS Fitzpatrick, W Flanagan, B Fleming, R Flight, J Fowler, W Fox, J Franc, K Francis, D Franco, J Freeman, J Freestone, J Fried, A Friedland, S Fuess, I Furic, AP Furmanski, A Gago, H Gallagher, A Gallego-Ros, N Gallice, V Galymov, E Gamberini, T Gamble, R Gandhi, R Gandrajula, S Gao, D Garcia-Gamez, MA Garcia-Peris, S Gardiner, D Gastler, G Ge, B Gelli, A Gendotti, S Gent, Z Ghorbani-Moghaddam, D Gibin, I Gil-Botella, C Girerd, AK Giri, D Gnani, O Gogota, M Gold, S Gollapinni, K Gollwitzer, RA Gomes, LV Gomez Bermeo, LS Gomez Fajardo, F Gonnella, JA Gonzalez-Cuevas, MC Goodman, O Goodwin, S Goswami, C Gotti, E Goudzovski, C Grace, M Graham, E Gramellini, R Gran, E Granados, A Grant, C Grant, D Gratieri, P Green, S Green, L Greenler, M Greenwood, J Greer, WC Griffith, M Groh, J Grudzinski, K Grzelak, W Gu, V Guarino, R Guenette, A Guglielmi, B Guo, KK Guthikonda, R Gutierrez, P Guzowski, MM Guzzo, S Gwon, A Habig, A Hackenburg, H Hadavand, R Haenni, A Hahn, J Haigh, J Haiston, T Hamernik, P Hamilton, J Han, K Harder, DA Harris, J Hartnell, T Hasegawa, R Hatcher, E Hazen, A Heavey, KM Heeger, J Heise, K Hennessy, S Henry, MA Hernandez Morquecho, K Herner, L Hertel, AS Hesam, J Hewes, A Higuera, T Hill, SJ Hillier, A Himmel, J Hoff, C Hohl, A Holin, E Hoppe, GA Horton-Smith, M Hostert, A Hourlier, B Howard, R Howell, J Huang, J Huang, J Hugon, G Iles, N Ilic, AM Iliescu, R Illingworth, A Ioannisian, R Itay, A Izmaylov, E James, B Jargowsky, F Jediny, C Jesus-Valls, X Ji, L Jiang, S Jimenez, A Jipa, A Joglekar, C Johnson, R Johnson, B Jones, S Jones, CK Jung, T Junk, Y Jwa, M Kabirnezhad, A Kaboth, I Kadenko, F Kamiya, G Karagiorgi, A Karcher, M Karolak, Y Karyotakis, S Kasai, SP Kasetti, L Kashur, N Kazaryan, E Kearns, P Keener, KJ Kelly, E Kemp, W Ketchum, SH Kettell, M Khabibullin, A Khotjantsev, A Khvedelidze, D Kim, B King, B Kirby, M Kirby, J Klein, K Koehler, LW Koerner, S Kohn, PP Koller, M Kordosky, T Kosc, U Kose, VA Kostelecky, K Kothekar, F Krennrich, I Kreslo, Y Kudenko, VA Kudryavtsev, S Kulagin, J Kumar, R Kumar, C Kuruppu, V Kus, T Kutter, A Lambert, K Lande, CE Lane, K Lang, T Langford, P Lasorak, D Last, C Lastoria, A Laundrie, A Lawrence, I Lazanu, R LaZur, T Le, J Learned, P LeBrun, G Lehmann Miotto, R Lehnert, MA Leigui de Oliveira, M Leitner, M Leyton, L Li, S Li, SW Li, T Li, Y Li, H Liao, CS Lin, S Lin, A Lister, BR Littlejohn, J Liu, S Lockwitz, T Loew, M Lokajicek, I Lomidze, K Long, K Loo, D Lorca, T Lord, JM LoSecco, WC Louis, KB Luk, X Luo, N Lurkin, T Lux, VP Luzio, D MacFarland, AA Machado, P Machado, CT Macias, JR Macier, A Maddalena, P Madigan, S Magill, K Mahn, A Maio, A Major, JA Maloney, G Mandrioli, J Maneira, L Manenti, S Manly, A Mann, K Manolopoulos, M Manrique Plata, A Marchionni, W Marciano, D Marfatia, C Mariani, J Maricic, F Marinho, AD Marino, M Marshak, C Marshall, J Marshall, J Marteau, J Martin-Albo, N Martinez, DA Martinez Caicedo, S Martynenko, K Mason, A Mastbaum, M Masud, S Matsuno, J Matthews, C Mauger, N Mauri, K Mavrokoridis, R Mazza, A Mazzacane, E Mazzucato, E McCluskey, N McConkey, KS McFarland, C McGrew, A McNab, A Mefodiev, P Mehta, P Melas, M Mellinato, O Mena, S Menary, H Mendez, A Menegolli, G Meng, MD Messier, W Metcalf, M Mewes, H Meyer, T Miao, G Michna, T Miedema, J Migenda, R Milincic, W Miller, J Mills, C Milne, O Mineev, OG Miranda, S Miryala, CS Mishra, SR Mishra, A Mislivec, D Mladenov, I Mocioiu, K Moffat, N Moggi, R Mohanta, TA Mohayai, N Mokhov, J Molina, L Molina Bueno, A Montanari, C Montanari, D Montanari, LM Montano Zetina, J Moon, M Mooney, A Moor, D Moreno, B Morgan, C Morris, C Mossey, E Motuk, CA Moura, J Mousseau, W Mu, L Mualem, J Mueller, M Muether, S Mufson, F Muheim, A Muir, M Mulhearn, H Muramatsu, S Murphy, J Musser, J Nachtman, S Nagu, M Nalbandyan, R Nandakumar, D Naples, S Narita, D Navas-Nicolas, N Nayak, M Nebot-Guinot, L Necib, K Negishi, JK Nelson, J Nesbit, M Nessi, D Newbold, M Newcomer, D Newhart, R Nichol, E Niner, K Nishimura, A Norman, A Norrick, R Northrop, P Novella, JA Nowak, M Oberling, A Olivares Del Campo, A Olivier, Y Onel, Y Onishchuk, J Ott, L Pagani, S Pakvasa, O Palamara, S Palestini, JM Paley, M Pallavicini, C Palomares, E Pantic, V Paolone, V Papadimitriou, R Papaleo, A Papanestis, S Paramesvaran, S Parke, Z Parsa, M Parvu, S Pascoli, L Pasqualini, J Pasternak, J Pater, C Patrick, L Patrizii, RB Patterson, SJ Patton, T Patzak, A Paudel, B Paulos, L Paulucci, Z Pavlovic, G Pawloski, D Payne, V Pec, SJM Peeters, Y Penichot, E Pennacchio, A Penzo, OLG Peres, J Perry, D Pershey, G Pessina, G Petrillo, C Petta, R Petti, F Piastra, L Pickering, F Pietropaolo, J Pillow, J Pinzino, R Plunkett, R Poling, X Pons, N Poonthottathil, S Pordes, M Potekhin, R Potenza, BVKS Potukuchi, J Pozimski, M Pozzato, S Prakash, T Prakash, S Prince, G Prior, D Pugnere, K Qi, X Qian, JL Raaf, R Raboanary, V Radeka, J Rademacker, B Radics, A Rafique, E Raguzin, M Rai, M Rajaoalisoa, I Rakhno, HT Rakotondramanana, L Rakotondravohitra, YA Ramachers, R Rameika, MA Ramirez Delgado, B Ramson, A Rappoldi, G Raselli, P Ratoff, S Ravat, H Razafinime, JS Real, B Rebel, D Redondo, M Reggiani-Guzzo, T Rehak, J Reichenbacher, SD Reitzner, A Renshaw, S Rescia, F Resnati, A Reynolds, G Riccobene, LCJ Rice, K Rielage, Y Rigaut, D Rivera, L Rochester, M Roda, P Rodrigues, MJ Rodriguez Alonso, J Rodriguez Rondon, AJ Roeth, H Rogers, S Rosauro-Alcaraz, M Rossella, J Rout, S Roy, A Rubbia, C Rubbia, B Russell, J Russell, D Ruterbories, R Saakyan, S Sacerdoti, T Safford, N Sahu, P Sala, N Samios, MC Sanchez, DA Sanders, D Sankey, S Santana, M Santos-Maldonado, N Saoulidou, P Sapienza, C Sarasty, I Sarcevic, G Savage, V Savinov, A Scaramelli, A Scarff, A Scarpelli, T Schaffer, H Schellman, P Schlabach, D Schmitz, K Scholberg, A Schukraft, E Segreto, J Sensenig, I Seong, A Sergi, F Sergiampietri, D Sgalaberna, MH Shaevitz, S Shafaq, M Shamma, HR Sharma, R Sharma, T Shaw, C Shepherd-Themistocleous, S Shin, D Shooltz, R Shrock, L Simard, N Simos, J Sinclair, G Sinev, J Singh, J Singh, V Singh, R Sipos, FW Sippach, G Sirri, A Sitraka, K Siyeon, D Smargianaki, A Smith, E Smith, P Smith, J Smolik, M Smy, P Snopok, M Soares Nunes, H Sobel, M Soderberg, CJ Solano Salinas, S Soldner-Rembold, N Solomey, V Solovov, WE Sondheim, M Sorel, J Soto-Oton, A Sousa, K Soustruznik, F Spagliardi, M Spanu, J Spitz, NJC Spooner, K Spurgeon, R Staley, M Stancari, L Stanco, HM Steiner, J Stewart, B Stillwell, J Stock, F Stocker, T Stokes, M Strait, T Strauss, S Striganov, A Stuart, D Summers, A Surdo, V Susic, L Suter, CM Sutera, R Svoboda, B Szczerbinska, AM Szelc, R Talaga, HA Tanaka, B Tapia Oregui, A Tapper, S Tariq, E Tatar, R Tayloe, AM Teklu, M Tenti, K Terao, CA Ternes, F Terranova, G Testera, A Thea, JL Thompson, C Thorn, SC Timm, A Tonazzo, M Torti, M Tortola, F Tortorici, D Totani, M Toups, C Touramanis, J Trevor, WH Trzaska, YT Tsai, Z Tsamalaidze, KV Tsang, N Tsverava, S Tufanli, C Tull, E Tyley, M Tzanov, MA Uchida, J Urheim, T Usher, MR Vagins, P Vahle, GA Valdiviesso, E Valencia, Z Vallari, JWF Valle, S Vallecorsa, R Van Berg, RG Van de Water, D Vanegas Forero, F Varanini, D Vargas, G Varner, J Vasel, G Vasseur, K Vaziri, S Ventura, A Verdugo, S Vergani, MA Vermeulen, M Verzocchi, H Vieira de Souza, C Vignoli, C Vilela, B Viren, T Vrba, T Wachala, AV Waldron, M Wallbank, H Wang, J Wang, Y Wang, Y Wang, K Warburton, D Warner, M Wascko, D Waters, A Watson, P Weatherly, A Weber, M Weber, H Wei, A Weinstein, D Wenman, M Wetstein, MR While, A White, LH Whitehead, D Whittington, MJ Wilking, C Wilkinson, Z Williams, F Wilson, RJ Wilson, J Wolcott, T Wongjirad, K Wood, L Wood, E Worcester, M Worcester, C Wret, W Wu, W Wu, Y Xiao, G Yang, T Yang, N Yershov, K Yonehara, T Young, B Yu, J Yu, R Zaki, J Zalesak, L Zambelli, B Zamorano, A Zani, L Zazueta, GP Zeller, J Zennamo, K Zeug, C Zhang, M Zhao, E Zhivun, G Zhu, ED Zimmerman, M Zito, S Zucchelli, J Zuklin, V Zutshi, R Zwaska, B Abi, DUNE Collaboration

Measurements of $\overline{\nu}_{\mu}$ and $\overline{\nu}_{\mu} + \nu_{\mu}$ charged-current cross-sections without detected pions or protons on water and hydrocarbon at a mean anti-neutrino energy of 0.86 GeV

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics Oxford University Press (OUP) 2021:4 (2021)

Authors:

K Abe, N Akhlaq, R Akutsu, A Ali, C Alt, C Andreopoulos, L Anthony, M Antonova, S Aoki, A Ariga, T Arihara, Y Asada, Y Ashida, ET Atkin, Y Awataguchi, S Ban, M Barbi, GJ Barker, G Barr, D Barrow, C Barry, M Batkiewicz-Kwasniak, A Beloshapkin, F Bench, V Berardi, S Berkman, L Berns, S Bhadra, S Bienstock, A Blanchet, A Blondel, S Bolognesi, T Bonus, B Bourguille, SB Boyd, D Brailsford, A Bravar, D Bravo Berguño, C Bronner, S Bron, A Bubak, M Buizza Avanzini, J Calcutt, T Campbell, S Cao, SL Cartwright, MG Catanesi, A Cervera, A Chappell, C Checchia, D Cherdack, N Chikuma, G Christodoulou, M Cicerchia, J Coleman, G Collazuol, L Cook, D Coplowe, A Cudd, A Dabrowska, G De Rosa, T Dealtry, PF Denner, SR Dennis, C Densham, A Dergacheva, F Di Lodovico, N Dokania, S Dolan, TA Doyle, O Drapier, J Dumarchez, P Dunne, A Eguchi, L Eklund, S Emery-Schrenk, A Ereditato, P Fernandez, T Feusels, AJ Finch, GA Fiorentini, G Fiorillo, C Francois, M Friend, Y Fujii, R Fujita, D Fukuda, R Fukuda, Y Fukuda, K Fusshoeller, K Gameil, C Giganti, T Golan, M Gonin, A Gorin, M Guigue, DR Hadley, JT Haigh, P Hamacher-Baumann, DA Harris, M Hartz, T Hasegawa, S Hassani, NC Hastings, T Hayashino, Y Hayato, A Hiramoto, M Hogan, J Holeczek, NT Hong Van, T Honjo, F Iacob, AK Ichikawa, M Ikeda, T Ishida, T Ishii, M Ishitsuka, K Iwamoto, A Izmaylov, N Izumi, M Jakkapu, B Jamieson, SJ Jenkins, C Jesús-Valls, M Jiang, S Johnson, P Jonsson, CK Jung, PB Jurj, M Kabirnezhad, AC Kaboth, T Kajita, H Kakuno, J Kameda, D Karlen, SP Kasetti, Y Kataoka, Y Katayama, T Katori, Y Kato, E Kearns, M Khabibullin, A Khotjantsev, T Kikawa, H Kikutani, H Kim, J Kim, S King, J Kisiel, A Knight, A Knox, T Kobata, T Kobayashi, L Koch, T Koga, A Konaka, LL Kormos, Y Koshio, A Kostin, K Kowalik, H Kubo, Y Kudenko, N Kukita, S Kuribayashi, R Kurjata, T Kutter, M Kuze, L Labarga, J Lagoda, M Lamoureux, D Last, M Laveder, M Lawe, M Licciardi, T Lindner, RP Litchfield, SL Liu, X Li, A Longhin, L Ludovici, X Lu, T Lux, LN Machado, L Magaletti, K Mahn, M Malek, S Manly, L Maret, AD Marino, L Marti-Magro, JF Martin, T Maruyama, T Matsubara, K Matsushita, V Matveev, C Mauger, K Mavrokoridis, E Mazzucato, M McCarthy, N McCauley, J McElwee, KS McFarland, C McGrew, A Mefodiev, C Metelko, M Mezzetto, A Minamino, O Mineev, S Mine, M Miura, L Molina Bueno, S Moriyama, J Morrison, Th A Mueller, L Munteanu, S Murphy, Y Nagai, T Nakadaira, M Nakahata, Y Nakajima, A Nakamura, KG Nakamura, K Nakamura, Y Nakano, S Nakayama, T Nakaya, K Nakayoshi, C Nantais, CER Naseby, TV Ngoc, VQ Nguyen, K Niewczas, K Nishikawa, Y Nishimura, E Noah, TS Nonnenmacher, F Nova, P Novella, J Nowak, JC Nugent, HM O’Keeffe, L O’Sullivan, T Odagawa, T Ogawa, R Okada, K Okumura, T Okusawa, SM Oser, RA Owen, Y Oyama, V Palladino, JL Palomino, V Paolone, M Pari, WC Parker, S Parsa, J Pasternak, P Paudyal, M Pavin, D Payne, GC Penn, L Pickering, C Pidcott, G Pintaudi, ES Pinzon Guerra, C Pistillo, B Popov, K Porwit, M Posiadala-Zezula, A Pritchard, B Quilain, T Radermacher, E Radicioni, B Radics, PN Ratoff, E Reinherz-Aronis, C Riccio, E Rondio, S Roth, A Rubbia, AC Ruggeri, C Ruggles, A Rychter, K Sakashita, F Sánchez, G Santucci, CM Schloesser, K Scholberg, J Schwehr, M Scott, Y Seiya, T Sekiguchi, H Sekiya, D Sgalaberna, R Shah, A Shaikhiev, F Shaker, A Shaykina, M Shiozawa, W Shorrock, A Shvartsman, K Skwarczynski, A Smirnov, M Smy, JT Sobczyk, H Sobel, FJP Soler, Y Sonoda, R Spina, J Steinmann, S Suvorov, A Suzuki, SY Suzuki, Y Suzuki, AA Sztuc, M Tada, M Tajima, A Takeda, Y Takeuchi, HK Tanaka, HA Tanaka, S Tanaka, Y Tanihara, M Tani, N Teshima, LF Thompson, W Toki, C Touramanis, T Towstego, KM Tsui, T Tsukamoto, M Tzanov, Y Uchida, W Uno, M Vagins, S Valder, Z Vallari, D Vargas, G Vasseur, C Vilela, WGS Vinning, T Vladisavljevic, VV Volkov, T Wachala, J Walker, JG Walsh, Y Wang, D Wark, MO Wascko, A Weber, R Wendell, MJ Wilking, C Wilkinson, JR Wilson, RJ Wilson, K Wood, C Wret, J Xia, Y Yamada, K Yamamoto, C Yanagisawa, G Yang, T Yano, K Yasutome, S Yen, N Yershov, M Yokoyama, T Yoshida, Y Yoshimoto, M Yu, A Zalewska, J Zalipska, K Zaremba, G Zarnecki, M Ziembicki, ED Zimmerman, M Zito, S Zsoldos, A Zykova

Abstract:

Abstract We report measurements of the flux-integrated $\overline{\nu}_\mu$ and $\overline{\nu}_\mu+\nu_\mu$ charged-current cross-sections on water and hydrocarbon targets using the T2K anti-neutrino beam with a mean beam energy of 0.86 GeV. The signal is defined as the (anti-)neutrino charged-current interaction with one induced $\mu^\pm$ and no detected charged pion or proton. These measurements are performed using a new WAGASCI module recently added to the T2K setup in combination with the INGRID Proton Module. The phase space of muons is restricted to the high-detection efficiency region, $p_{\mu}>400~{\rm MeV}/c$ and $\theta_{\mu}<30^{\circ}$, in the laboratory frame. An absence of pions and protons in the detectable phase spaces of $p_{\pi}>200~{\rm MeV}/c$, $\theta_{\pi}<70^{\circ}$ and $p_{\rm p}>600~{\rm MeV}/c$, $\theta_{\rm p}<70^{\circ}$ is required. In this paper, both the $\overline{\nu}_\mu$ cross-sections and $\overline{\nu}_\mu+\nu_\mu$ cross-sections on water and hydrocarbon targets and their ratios are provided by using the D’Agostini unfolding method. The results of the integrated $\overline{\nu}_\mu$ cross-section measurements over this phase space are $\sigma_{\rm H_{2}O}=(1.082\pm0.068(\rm stat.)^{+0.145}_{-0.128}(\rm syst.)) \times 10^{-39}\,{\rm cm^{2} / nucleon}$, $\sigma_{\rm CH}=(1.096\pm0.054(\rm stat.)^{+0.132}_{-0.117}(\rm syst.)) \times 10^{-39}\,{\rm cm^{2} / nucleon}$, and $\sigma_{\rm H_{2}O}/\sigma_{\rm CH} = 0.987\pm0.078(\rm stat.)^{+0.093}_{-0.090}(\rm syst.)$. The $\overline{\nu}_\mu+\nu_\mu$ cross-section is $\sigma_{\rm H_{2}O} = (1.155\pm0.064(\rm stat.)^{+0.148}_{-0.129}(\rm syst.)) \times 10^{-39}\,{\rm cm^{2} / nucleon}$, $\sigma_{\rm CH}=(1.159\pm0.049(\rm stat.)^{+0.129}_{-0.115}(\rm syst.)) \times 10^{-39}\,{\rm cm^{2} / nucleon}$, and $\sigma_{\rm H_{2}O}/\sigma_{\rm CH}=0.996\pm0.069(\rm stat.)^{+0.083}_{-0.078}(\rm syst.)$.