Spin correlations in final-state parton showers and jet observables
European Physical Journal C Springer 81:8 (2021) 681
Abstract:As part of a programme to develop parton showers with controlled logarithmic accuracy, we consider the question of collinear spin correlations within the PanScales family of parton showers. We adapt the well-known Collins–Knowles spin-correlation algorithm to PanScales antenna and dipole showers, using an approach with similarities to that taken by Richardson and Webster. To study the impact of spin correlations, we develop Lund-declustering based observables that are sensitive to spin-correlation effects both within and between jets and extend the MicroJets collinear single-logarithmic resummation code to include spin correlations. Together with a 3-point energy correlation observable proposed recently by Chen, Moult and Zhu, this provides a powerful set of constraints for validating the logarithmic accuracy of our shower results. The new observables and their resummation further open the pathway to phenomenological studies of these important quantum mechanical effects.
Framing energetic top-quark pair production at the LHC
Journal of High Energy Physics Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati 2021:7 (2021) 40
Abstract:Top-quark pair production is central to many facets of LHC physics. At leading order, the top and anti-top are produced in a back-to-back topology, however this topology accounts only for a minority of the events with TeV-scale momentum transfer that contain a tt¯ pair. The remaining events instead involve the splitting of an initial or final-state gluon to tt¯. We provide simple quantitative arguments that explain why this is the case, and examine the interplay between different topologies and a range of variables that characterise the event hardness. We then develop a method to classify the topologies of individual events and use it to illustrate our findings in the context of simulated events, using both top partons and suitably defined fiducial tops. For events with large tt¯ invariant mass, we comment on additional features that have important experimental and theoretical implications.
C-parameter hadronisation in the symmetric 3-jet limit and impact on αs fits
European Physical Journal C Springer 81:2 (2021) 158
Abstract:Hadronisation corrections are crucial in extractions of the strong coupling constant (αs) from event-shape distributions at lepton colliders. Although their dynamics cannot be understood rigorously using perturbative methods, their dominant effect on physical observables can be estimated in singular configurations sensitive to the emission of soft radiation. The differential distributions of some event-shape variables, notably the C parameter, feature two such singular points. We analytically compute the leading non-perturbative correction in the symmetric three-jet limit for the C parameter, and find that it differs by more than a factor of two from the known result in the two-jet limit. We estimate the impact of this result on strong coupling extractions, considering a range of functions to interpolate the hadronisation correction in the region between the 2 and 3-jet limits. Fitting data from ALEPH and JADE, we find that most interpolation choices increase the extracted αs, with effects of up to 4% relative to standard fits. This brings a new perspective on the long-standing discrepancy between certain event-shape αs fits and the world average.
Calculating the primary Lund Jet Plane density
JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS (2020) ARTN 170
Elements of QCD for hadron colliders
CERN Yellow Reports: School Proceedings 5:2018 (2020) 1-56