Observation of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in a two-dimensional Bose gas via matter-wave interferometry

Physical Review Letters American Physical Society 128:25 (2022) 250402

Authors:

S Sunami, Vp Singh, D Garrick, A Beregi, Aj Barker, K Luksch, E Bentine, L Mathey, Cj Foot

Abstract:

We probe local phase fluctuations of trapped two-dimensional (2D) Bose gases using matter-wave interferometry. This enables us to measure the phase correlation function, which changes from an algebraic to an exponential decay when the system crosses the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition. We determine the temperature dependence of the BKT exponent η and find the critical value ηc = 0.17(3) for our trapped system. Furthermore, we measure the local vortex density as a function of the local phase-space density, which shows a scale-invariant behaviour across the transition. Our experimental investigation is supported by Monte Carlo simulations and provides a comprehensive understanding of the BKT transition in a trapped system.

High-precision measurement of the W boson mass with the CDF II detector

Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 376:6589 (2022) 170-176

Authors:

T Aaltonen, S Amerio, D Amidei, A Anastassov, A Annovi, G Apollinari, Ja Appel, T Arisawa, A Artikov, W Ashmanskas, B Auerbach, A Boveia, Hs Budd, K Burkett, G Busetto, P Butti, A Buzatu, A Calamba, S Camarda, C Hays

Abstract:

The mass of the W boson, a mediator of the weak force between elementary particles, is tightly constrained by the symmetries of the standard model of particle physics. The Higgs boson was the last missing component of the model. After observation of the Higgs boson, a measurement of the W boson mass provides a stringent test of the model. We measure the W boson mass, MW, using data corresponding to 8.8 inverse femtobarns of integrated luminosity collected in proton-antiproton collisions at a 1.96 tera-electron volt center-of-mass energy with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. A sample of approximately 4 million W boson candidates is used to obtain [Formula: see text], the precision of which exceeds that of all previous measurements combined (stat, statistical uncertainty; syst, systematic uncertainty; MeV, mega-electron volts; c, speed of light in a vacuum). This measurement is in significant tension with the standard model expectation.

Radiation hardness and timing performance in MALTA monolithic pixel sensors in TowerJazz 180 nm

JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION 17:4 (2022) ARTN C04034

Authors:

M van Rijnbach, P Allport, I Asensi, I Berdalovic, D Bortoletto, C Buttar, R Cardella, F Dachs, V Dao, H Denizli, D Dobrijevic, M Dyndal, L Flores, P Freeman, A Gabrielli, L Gonella, M LeBlanc, K Oyulmaz, H Pernegger, F Piro, P Riedler, H Sandaker, C Solans, W Snoeys, T Suligoj, J Torres, S Worm

Operation and performance of the ATLAS semiconductor tracker in LHC Run 2

Journal of Instrumentation IOP Publishing 17:01 (2022) P01013

Authors:

Brad Abbott, L Ambroz, G Artoni, WK Balunas, YT Harris, CP Hays, K Karava, Z Li, C Merlassino, M Mironova, RB Nickerson, AP O’Neill, SR Paredes Saenz, CS Pollard, E Schopf, IPJ Shipsey, HA Smith, M Stankaityte, I Veliscek, GHA Viehhauser, AR Weidberg, PJ Windischhofer, R Wölker, KW Woźniak, K Potamianos

Abstract:

The semiconductor tracker (SCT) is one of the tracking systems for charged particles in the ATLAS detector. It consists of 4088 silicon strip sensor modules. During Run 2 (2015–2018) the Large Hadron Collider delivered an integrated luminosity of 156 fb-1 to the ATLAS experiment at a centre-of-mass proton-proton collision energy of 13 TeV. The instantaneous luminosity and pile-up conditions were far in excess of those assumed in the original design of the SCT detector. Due to improvements to the data acquisition system, the SCT operated stably throughout Run 2. It was available for 99.9% of the integrated luminosity and achieved a data-quality efficiency of 99.85%. Detailed studies have been made of the leakage current in SCT modules and the evolution of the full depletion voltage, which are used to study the impact of radiation damage to the modules.

A 1 μW radiation-hard front-end in a 0.18 μm CMOS process for the MALTA2 monolithic sensor

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science (2022)

Authors:

F Piro, P Allport, I Asensi, I Berdalovic, D Bortoletto, C Buttar, R Cardella, E Charbon, F Dachs, V Dao, D Dobrijevic, M Dyndal, L Flores, P Freeman, A Gabrielli, L Gonella, T Kugathasan, M Le Blanc, K Oyulmaz, H Pernegger, P Riedler, M Van Rijnbach, H Sandaker, A Sharma, C Solans, W Snoeys, T Suligoj, J Torres, S Worm

Abstract:

In this paper, a low-power, radiation-hard front-end circuit for monolithic pixel sensors, designed to meet the requirements of low noise and low pixel-to-pixel variability, the key features to achieve high detection efficiencies, is presented. The sensor features a small collection electrode to achieve a small capacitance (< 5 fF) and allows full CMOS in-pixel circuitry. The circuit is implemented in the 180 nm CMOS imaging technology from the TowerJazz foundry and integrated in the MALTA2 chip, which is part of a development that targets the specifications of the outer pixel layer of the ATLAS Inner Tracker upgrade at the LHC. One of the main challenges for monolithic sensors is a radiation hardness up to 1015 1 MeV neq/cm2 Non-Ionizing Energy Loss (NIEL) and 80 Mrad Total Ionizing Dose (TID) required for this application. Tests up to 3∙1015 1 MeV neq/cm2 and 100 Mrad were performed on the MALTA2 sensor and front-end circuit, which still show good performance even after these levels of irradiation, promising for even more demanding applications such as the future experiments at the HL-LHC.