Deep Generative Models for Fast Photon Shower Simulation in ATLAS

Computing and Software for Big Science Springer Science and Business Media LLC 8:1 (2024) 7

Authors:

G Aad, B Abbott, DC Abbott, A Abed Abud, K Abeling, DK Abhayasinghe, SH Abidi, A Aboulhorma, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, Y Abulaiti, AC Abusleme Hoffman, BS Acharya, B Achkar, L Adam, C Adam Bourdarios, L Adamczyk, L Adamek, SV Addepalli, J Adelman, A Adiguzel, S Adorni, T Adye, AA Affolder, Y Afik, MN Agaras, J Agarwala, A Aggarwal, C Agheorghiesei, JA Aguilar-Saavedra, A Ahmad, F Ahmadov, WS Ahmed, X Ai, G Aielli, I Aizenberg, M Akbiyik, TPA Åkesson, AV Akimov, K Al Khoury, GL Alberghi, J Albert, P Albicocco, MJ Alconada Verzini, S Alderweireldt, M Aleksa, IN Aleksandrov, C Alexa, T Alexopoulos, A Alfonsi, F Alfonsi, M Alhroob, B Ali, S Ali, M Aliev, G Alimonti, C Allaire, BMM Allbrooke, PP Allport, A Aloisio, F Alonso, C Alpigiani, E Alunno Camelia, M Alvarez Estevez, MG Alviggi, Y Amaral Coutinho, A Ambler, L Ambroz, C Amelung, D Amidei, SP Amor Dos Santos, S Amoroso, KR Amos, CS Amrouche, V Ananiev, C Anastopoulos, N Andari, T Andeen, JK Anders, SY Andrean, A Andreazza, S Angelidakis, A Angerami, AV Anisenkov, A Annovi, C Antel, MT Anthony, E Antipov, M Antonelli, DJA Antrim, F Anulli, M Aoki, JA Aparisi Pozo, MA Aparo, L Aperio Bella, C Appelt, N Aranzabal, V Araujo Ferraz, C Arcangeletti, ATH Arce, E Arena, J-F Arguin, S Argyropoulos, J-H Arling, AJ Armbruster, O Arnaez, H Arnold, ZP Arrubarrena Tame, G Artoni, H Asada, K Asai, S Asai, NA Asbah, EM Asimakopoulou, J Assahsah, K Assamagan, R Astalos, RJ Atkin, M Atkinson, NB Atlay, H Atmani, PA Atmasiddha, K Augsten, S Auricchio, VA Austrup, G Avner, G Avolio, MK Ayoub, G Azuelos, D Babal, H Bachacou, K Bachas, A Bachiu, F Backman, A Badea, P Bagnaia, M Bahmani, AJ Bailey, VR Bailey, JT Baines, C Bakalis, OK Baker, PJ Bakker, E Bakos, D Bakshi Gupta, S Balaji, R Balasubramanian, EM Baldin, P Balek, E Ballabene, F Balli, LM Baltes, WK Balunas, J Balz, E Banas, M Bandieramonte, A Bandyopadhyay, S Bansal, L Barak, EL Barberio, D Barberis, M Barbero, G Barbour, KN Barends, T Barillari, M-S Barisits, J Barkeloo, T Barklow, RM Barnett, P Baron, A Baroncelli, G Barone, AJ Barr, L Barranco Navarro, F Barreiro, J Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, U Barron, S Barsov, F Bartels, R Bartoldus, G Bartolini, AE Barton, P Bartos, A Basalaev, A Basan, M Baselga, I Bashta, A Bassalat, MJ Basso, CR Basson, RL Bates, S Batlamous, JR Batley, B Batool, M Battaglia, M Bauce, F Bauer, P Bauer, A Bayirli, JB Beacham, T Beau, PH Beauchemin, F Becherer, P Bechtle, HP Beck, K Becker, C Becot, AJ Beddall, VA Bednyakov, CP Bee, LJ Beemster, TA Beermann, M Begalli, M Begel, A Behera, JK Behr, C Beirao Da Cruz E Silva, JF Beirer, F Beisiegel, M Belfkir, G Bella, L Bellagamba, A Bellerive, P Bellos, K Beloborodov, K Belotskiy, NL Belyaev, D Benchekroun, Y Benhammou, DP Benjamin, M Benoit, JR Bensinger, S Bentvelsen, L Beresford, M Beretta, D Berge, E Bergeaas Kuutmann, N Berger, B Bergmann, J Beringer, S Berlendis, G Bernardi, C Bernius, FU Bernlochner, T Berry, P Berta, A Berthold, IA Bertram, O Bessidskaia Bylund, S Bethke, A Betti, AJ Bevan, S Bhatta, DS Bhattacharya, P Bhattarai, VS Bhopatkar, R Bi, R Bi, RM Bianchi, O Biebel, R Bielski, NV Biesuz, M Biglietti, TRV Billoud, M Bindi, A Bingul, C Bini, S Biondi, A Biondini, CJ Birch-sykes, GA Bird, M Birman, T Bisanz, D Biswas, A Bitadze, K Bjørke, I Bloch, C Blocker, A Blue, U Blumenschein, J Blumenthal, GJ Bobbink, VS Bobrovnikov, M Boehler, D Bogavac, AG Bogdanchikov, C Bohm, V Boisvert, P Bokan, T Bold, M Bomben, M Bona, M Boonekamp, CD Booth, AG Borbély, HM Borecka-Bielska, LS Borgna, G Borissov, D Bortoletto, D Boscherini, M Bosman, JD Bossio Sola, K Bouaouda, J Boudreau, EV Bouhova-Thacker, D Boumediene, R Bouquet, A Boveia, J Boyd, D Boye, IR Boyko, J Bracinik, N Brahimi, G Brandt, O Brandt, F Braren, B Brau, JE Brau, WD Breaden Madden, K Brendlinger, R Brener, L Brenner, R Brenner, S Bressler, B Brickwedde, D Britton, D Britzger, I Brock, G Brooijmans, WK Brooks, E Brost, PA Bruckman de Renstrom, B Brüers, D Bruncko, A Bruni, G Bruni, M Bruschi, N Bruscino, L Bryngemark, T Buanes, Q Buat, P Buchholz, AG Buckley, IA Budagov, MK Bugge, O Bulekov, BA Bullard, S Burdin, CD Burgard, AM Burger, B Burghgrave, JTP Burr, CD Burton, JC Burzynski, EL Busch, V Büscher, PJ Bussey, JM Butler, CM Buttar, JM Butterworth, W Buttinger, CJ Buxo Vazquez, AR Buzykaev, G Cabras, S Cabrera Urbán, D Caforio, H Cai, Y Cai, VMM Cairo, O Cakir, N Calace, P Calafiura, G Calderini, P Calfayan, G Callea, LP Caloba, D Calvet, S Calvet, TP Calvet, M Calvetti, R Camacho Toro, S Camarda, D Camarero Munoz, P Camarri, MT Camerlingo, D Cameron, C Camincher, M Campanelli, A Camplani, V Canale, A Canesse, M Cano Bret, J Cantero, Y Cao, F Capocasa, M Capua, A Carbone, R Cardarelli, JCJ Cardenas, F Cardillo, T Carli, G Carlino, BT Carlson, EM Carlson, L Carminati, M Carnesale, S Caron, E Carquin, S Carrá, G Carratta, JWS Carter, TM Carter, D Casadei, MP Casado, AF Casha, EG Castiglia, FL Castillo, L Castillo Garcia, V Castillo Gimenez, NF Castro, A Catinaccio, JR Catmore, V Cavaliere, N Cavalli, V Cavasinni, E Celebi, F Celli, MS Centonze, K Cerny, AS Cerqueira, A Cerri, L Cerrito, F Cerutti, A Cervelli, SA Cetin, Z Chadi, D Chakraborty, M Chala, J Chan, WS Chan, WY Chan, JD Chapman, B Chargeishvili, DG Charlton, TP Charman, M Chatterjee, S Chekanov, SV Chekulaev, GA Chelkov, A Chen, B Chen, B Chen, C Chen, H Chen, H Chen, J Chen, J Chen, S Chen, SJ Chen, X Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, CL Cheng, HC Cheng, A Cheplakov, E Cheremushkina, E Cherepanova, R Cherkaoui El Moursli, E Cheu, K Cheung, L Chevalier, V Chiarella, G Chiarelli, G Chiodini, AS Chisholm, A Chitan, YH Chiu, MV Chizhov, K Choi, AR Chomont, Y Chou, EYS Chow, T Chowdhury, LD Christopher, MC Chu, X Chu, J Chudoba, JJ Chwastowski, D Cieri, KM Ciesla, V Cindro, A Ciocio, F Cirotto, ZH Citron, M Citterio, DA Ciubotaru, BM Ciungu, A Clark, PJ Clark, JM Clavijo Columbie, SE Clawson, C Clement, L Clissa, Y Coadou, M Cobal, A Coccaro, RF Coelho Barrue, R Coelho Lopes De Sa, S Coelli, H Cohen, AEC Coimbra, B Cole, J Collot, P Conde Muiño, SH Connell, IA Connelly, EI Conroy, F Conventi, HG Cooke, AM Cooper-Sarkar, F Cormier, LD Corpe, M Corradi, EE Corrigan, F Corriveau, MJ Costa, F Costanza, D Costanzo, BM Cote, G Cowan, JW Cowley, K Cranmer, S Crépé-Renaudin, F Crescioli, M Cristinziani, M Cristoforetti, V Croft, G Crosetti, A Cueto, T Cuhadar Donszelmann, H Cui, Z Cui, AR Cukierman, WR Cunningham, F Curcio, P Czodrowski, MM Czurylo, MJ Da Cunha Sargedas De Sousa, JV Da Fonseca Pinto, C Da Via, W Dabrowski, T Dado, S Dahbi, T Dai, C Dallapiccola, M Dam, G D’amen, V D’Amico, J Damp, JR Dandoy, MF Daneri, M Danninger, V Dao, G Darbo, S Darmora, A Dattagupta, S D’Auria, C David, T Davidek, DR Davis, B Davis-Purcell, I Dawson, K De, R De Asmundis, M De Beurs, S De Castro, N De Groot, P de Jong, H De la Torre, A De Maria, A De Salvo, U De Sanctis, M De Santis, A De Santo, JB De Vivie De Regie, DV Dedovich, J Degens, AM Deiana, J Del Peso, F Del Rio, F Deliot, CM Delitzsch, M Della Pietra, D Della Volpe, A Dell’Acqua, L Dell’Asta, M Delmastro, PA Delsart, S Demers, M Demichev, SP Denisov, L D’Eramo, D Derendarz, F Derue, P Dervan, K Desch, K Dette, C Deutsch, PO Deviveiros, FA Di Bello, A Di Ciaccio, L Di Ciaccio, A Di Domenico, C Di Donato, A Di Girolamo, G Di Gregorio, A Di Luca, B Di Micco, R Di Nardo, C Diaconu, FA Dias, T Dias Do Vale, MA Diaz, FG Diaz Capriles, M Didenko, EB Diehl, S Díez Cornell, C Diez Pardos, C Dimitriadi, A Dimitrievska, W Ding, J Dingfelder, I-M Dinu, SJ Dittmeier, F Dittus, F Djama, T Djobava, JI Djuvsland, D Dodsworth, C Doglioni, J Dolejsi, Z Dolezal, M Donadelli, B Dong, J Donini, A D’Onofrio, M D’Onofrio, J Dopke, A Doria, MT Dova, AT Doyle, E Drechsler, E Dreyer, AS Drobac, D Du, TA du Pree, F Dubinin, M Dubovsky, E Duchovni, G Duckeck, OA Ducu, D Duda, A Dudarev, M D’uffizi, L Duflot, M Dührssen, C Dülsen, AE Dumitriu, M Dunford, S Dungs, K Dunne, A Duperrin, H Duran Yildiz, M Düren, A Durglishvili, B Dutta, BL Dwyer, GI Dyckes, M Dyndal, S Dysch, BS Dziedzic, B Eckerova, MG Eggleston, E Egidio Purcino De Souza, LF Ehrke, G Eigen, K Einsweiler, T Ekelof, Y El Ghazali, H El Jarrari, A El Moussaouy, V Ellajosyula, M Ellert, F Ellinghaus, AA Elliot, N Ellis, J Elmsheuser, M Elsing, D Emeliyanov, A Emerman, Y Enari, I Ene, J Erdmann, A Ereditato, PA Erland, M Errenst, M Escalier, C Escobar, E Etzion, G Evans, H Evans, MO Evans, A Ezhilov, S Ezzarqtouni, F Fabbri, L Fabbri, G Facini, V Fadeyev, RM Fakhrutdinov, S Falciano, PJ Falke, S Falke, J Faltova, Y Fan, Y Fang, G Fanourakis, M Fanti, M Faraj, A Farbin, A Farilla, T Farooque, SM Farrington, F Fassi, D Fassouliotis, M Faucci Giannelli, WJ Fawcett, L Fayard, OL Fedin, G Fedotov, M Feickert, L Feligioni, A Fell, DE Fellers, C Feng, M Feng, MJ Fenton, AB Fenyuk, SW Ferguson, J Ferrando, A Ferrari, P Ferrari, R Ferrari, D Ferrere, C Ferretti, F Fiedler, A Filipčič, EK Filmer, F Filthaut, MCN Fiolhais, L Fiorini, F Fischer, WC Fisher, T Fitschen, I Fleck, P Fleischmann, T Flick, L Flores, M Flores, LR Flores Castillo, FM Follega, N Fomin, JH Foo, BC Forland, A Formica, AC Forti, E Fortin, AW Fortman, MG Foti, L Fountas, D Fournier, H Fox, P Francavilla, S Francescato, M Franchini, S Franchino, D Francis, L Franco, L Franconi, M Franklin, G Frattari, AC Freegard, PM Freeman, WS Freund, EM Freundlich, D Froidevaux, JA Frost, Y Fu, M Fujimoto, E Fullana Torregrosa, J Fuster, A Gabrielli, A Gabrielli, P Gadow, G Gagliardi, LG Gagnon, GE Gallardo, EJ Gallas, BJ Gallop, R Gamboa Goni, KK Gan, S Ganguly, J Gao, Y Gao, FM Garay Walls, B Garcia, C García, JE García Navarro, JA García Pascual, M Garcia-Sciveres, RW Gardner, D Garg, RB Garg, S Gargiulo, CA Garner, V Garonne, SJ Gasiorowski, P Gaspar, G Gaudio, P Gauzzi, IL Gavrilenko, A Gavrilyuk, C Gay, G Gaycken, EN Gazis, AA Geanta, CM Gee, J Geisen, M Geisen, C Gemme, MH Genest, S Gentile, S George, WF George, T Geralis, LO Gerlach, P Gessinger-Befurt, M Ghasemi Bostanabad, M Ghneimat, A Ghosal, A Ghosh, A Ghosh, B Giacobbe, S Giagu, N Giangiacomi, P Giannetti, A Giannini, SM Gibson, M Gignac, DT Gil, BJ Gilbert, D Gillberg, G Gilles, NEK Gillwald, L Ginabat, DM Gingrich, MP Giordani, PF Giraud, G Giugliarelli, D Giugni, F Giuli, I Gkialas, P Gkountoumis, LK Gladilin, C Glasman, GR Gledhill, M Glisic, I Gnesi, Y Go, M Goblirsch-Kolb, D Godin, S Goldfarb, T Golling, MGD Gololo, D Golubkov, JP Gombas, A Gomes, AJ Gomez Delegido, R Goncalves Gama, R Gonçalo, G Gonella, L Gonella, A Gongadze, F Gonnella, JL Gonski, RY González Andana, S González de la Hoz, S Gonzalez Fernandez, R Gonzalez Lopez, C Gonzalez Renteria, R Gonzalez Suarez, S Gonzalez-Sevilla, GR Gonzalvo Rodriguez, L Goossens, NA Gorasia, PA Gorbounov, B Gorini, E Gorini, A Gorišek, AT Goshaw, MI Gostkin, CA Gottardo, M Gouighri, V Goumarre, AG Goussiou, N Govender, C Goy, I Grabowska-Bold, K Graham, E Gramstad, S Grancagnolo, M Grandi, V Gratchev, PM Gravila, FG Gravili, HM Gray, C Grefe, IM Gregor, P Grenier, K 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KK Heidegger, WD Heidorn, J Heilman, S Heim, T Heim, B Heinemann, JG Heinlein, JJ Heinrich, L Heinrich, J Hejbal, L Helary, A Held, S Hellesund, CM Helling, S Hellman, C Helsens, RCW Henderson, L Henkelmann, AM Henriques Correia, H Herde, Y Hernández Jiménez, H Herr, MG Herrmann, T Herrmann, G Herten, R Hertenberger, L Hervas, NP Hessey, H Hibi, E Higón-Rodriguez, SJ Hillier, I Hinchliffe, F Hinterkeuser, M Hirose, S Hirose, D Hirschbuehl, B Hiti, O Hladik, J Hobbs, R Hobincu, N Hod, MC Hodgkinson, BH Hodkinson, A Hoecker, J Hofer, D Hohn, T Holm, M Holzbock, LBAH Hommels, BP Honan, J Hong, TM Hong, Y Hong, JC Honig, A Hönle, BH Hooberman, WH Hopkins, Y Horii, LA Horyn, S Hou, J Howarth, J Hoya, M Hrabovsky, A Hrynevich, T Hryn’ova, PJ Hsu, S-C Hsu, Q Hu, S Hu, YF Hu, DP Huang, X Huang, Y Huang, Y Huang, Z Hubacek, M Huebner, F Huegging, TB Huffman, M Huhtinen, SK Huiberts, R Hulsken, N Huseynov, J Huston, J Huth, R Hyneman, S Hyrych, G Iacobucci, G Iakovidis, I Ibragimov, L 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Abstract:

AbstractThe need for large-scale production of highly accurate simulated event samples for the extensive physics programme of the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider motivates the development of new simulation techniques. Building on the recent success of deep learning algorithms, variational autoencoders and generative adversarial networks are investigated for modelling the response of the central region of the ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeter to photons of various energies. The properties of synthesised showers are compared with showers from a full detector simulation using geant4. Both variational autoencoders and generative adversarial networks are capable of quickly simulating electromagnetic showers with correct total energies and stochasticity, though the modelling of some shower shape distributions requires more refinement. This feasibility study demonstrates the potential of using such algorithms for ATLAS fast calorimeter simulation in the future and shows a possible way to complement current simulation techniques.

Software Performance of the ATLAS Track Reconstruction for LHC Run 3

Computing and Software for Big Science Springer Nature 8:1 (2024) 9

Authors:

G Aad, B Abbott, K Abeling, NJ Abicht, SH Abidi, A Aboulhorma, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, Y Abulaiti, BS Acharya, C Adam Bourdarios, L Adamczyk, L Adamek, SV Addepalli, MJ Addison, J Adelman, A Adiguzel, T Adye, AA Affolder, Y Afik, MN Agaras, J Agarwala, A Aggarwal, C Agheorghiesei, A Ahmad, F Ahmadov, WS Ahmed, S Ahuja, X Ai, G Aielli, A Aikot, M Ait Tamlihat, B Aitbenchikh, I Aizenberg, M Akbiyik, TPA Åkesson, AV Akimov, D Akiyama, NN Akolkar, K Al Khoury, GL Alberghi, J Albert, P Albicocco, GL Albouy, S Alderweireldt, M Aleksa, IN Aleksandrov, C Alexa, T Alexopoulos, F Alfonsi, M Algren, M Alhroob, B Ali, HMJ Ali, S Ali, SW Alibocus, M Aliev, G Alimonti, W Alkakhi, C Allaire, BMM Allbrooke, JF Allen, CA Allendes Flores, PP Allport, A Aloisio, F Alonso, C Alpigiani, M Alvarez Estevez, A Alvarez Fernandez, M Alves Cardoso, MG Alviggi, M Aly, Y Amaral Coutinho, A Ambler, C Amelung, M Amerl, CG Ames, D Amidei, SP Amor Dos Santos, KR Amos, V Ananiev, C Anastopoulos, T Andeen, JK Anders, SY Andrean, A Andreazza, S Angelidakis, A Angerami, AV Anisenkov, A Annovi, C Antel, MT Anthony, E Antipov, M Antonelli, F Anulli, M Aoki, T Aoki, JA Aparisi Pozo, MA Aparo, L Aperio Bella, C Appelt, A Apyan, N Aranzabal, SJ Arbiol Val, C Arcangeletti, ATH Arce, E Arena, J-F Arguin, S Argyropoulos, J-H Arling, O Arnaez, H Arnold, G Artoni, H Asada, K Asai, S Asai, NA Asbah, J Assahsah, K Assamagan, R Astalos, S Atashi, RJ Atkin, M Atkinson, H Atmani, PA Atmasiddha, K Augsten, S Auricchio, AD Auriol, VA Austrup, G Avolio, K Axiotis, G Azuelos, D Babal, H Bachacou, K Bachas, A Bachiu, F Backman, A Badea, P Bagnaia, M Bahmani, AJ Bailey, VR Bailey, JT Baines, L Baines, OK Baker, E Bakos, D Bakshi Gupta, V Balakrishnan, R Balasubramanian, EM Baldin, P Balek, E Ballabene, F Balli, LM Baltes, WK Balunas, J Balz, E Banas, M Bandieramonte, A Bandyopadhyay, S Bansal, L Barak, M Barakat, EL Barberio, D Barberis, M Barbero, MZ Barel, KN Barends, T Barillari, M-S Barisits, T Barklow, P Baron, DA Baron Moreno, A Baroncelli, G Barone, AJ Barr, JD Barr, L Barranco Navarro, F Barreiro, J Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, U Barron, MG Barros Teixeira, S Barsov, F Bartels, R Bartoldus, AE Barton, P Bartos, A Basan, M Baselga, A Bassalat, MJ Basso, CR Basson, RL Bates, S Batlamous, JR Batley, B Batool, M Battaglia, D Battulga, M Bauce, M Bauer, P Bauer, LT Bazzano Hurrell, JB Beacham, T Beau, JY Beaucamp, PH Beauchemin, F Becherer, P Bechtle, HP Beck, K Becker, AJ Beddall, VA Bednyakov, CP Bee, LJ Beemster, TA Beermann, M Begalli, M Begel, A Behera, JK Behr, JF Beirer, F Beisiegel, M Belfkir, G Bella, L Bellagamba, A Bellerive, P Bellos, K Beloborodov, D Benchekroun, F Bendebba, Y Benhammou, M Benoit, JR Bensinger, S Bentvelsen, L Beresford, M Beretta, E Bergeaas Kuutmann, N Berger, B Bergmann, J Beringer, G Bernardi, C Bernius, FU Bernlochner, F Bernon, T Berry, P Berta, A Berthold, IA Bertram, S Bethke, A Betti, AJ Bevan, NK Bhalla, M Bhamjee, S Bhatta, DS Bhattacharya, P Bhattarai, VS 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Ye, H Ye, J Ye, S Ye, X Ye, Y Yeh, I Yeletskikh, BK Yeo, MR Yexley, P Yin, K Yorita, S Younas, CJS Young, C Young, C Yu, Y Yu, M Yuan, R Yuan, L Yue, M Zaazoua, B Zabinski, E Zaid, T Zakareishvili, N Zakharchuk, S Zambito, JA Zamora Saa, J Zang, D Zanzi, O Zaplatilek, C Zeitnitz, H Zeng, JC Zeng, DT Zenger, O Zenin, T Ženiš, S Zenz, S Zerradi, D Zerwas, M Zhai, B Zhang, DF Zhang, J Zhang, J Zhang, K Zhang, L Zhang, P Zhang, R Zhang, S Zhang, T Zhang, X Zhang, X Zhang, Y Zhang, Y Zhang, Y Zhang, Z Zhang, Z Zhang, H Zhao, P Zhao, T Zhao, Y Zhao, Z Zhao, A Zhemchugov, J Zheng, K Zheng, X Zheng, Z Zheng, D Zhong, B Zhou, H Zhou, N Zhou, Y Zhou, CG Zhu, J Zhu, Y Zhu, Y Zhu, X Zhuang, K Zhukov, V Zhulanov, NI Zimine, J Zinsser, M Ziolkowski, L Živković, A Zoccoli, K Zoch, TG Zorbas, O Zormpa, W Zou, L Zwalinski

Azimuthal Angle Correlations of Muons Produced via Heavy-Flavor Decays in 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb and pp Collisions with the ATLAS Detector

Physical Review Letters American Physical Society (APS) 132:20 (2024) 202301

Authors:

G Aad, B Abbott, K Abeling, NJ Abicht, SH Abidi, A Aboulhorma, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, Y Abulaiti, BS Acharya, C Adam Bourdarios, L Adamczyk, SV Addepalli, MJ Addison, J Adelman, A Adiguzel, T Adye, AA Affolder, Y Afik, MN Agaras, J Agarwala, A Aggarwal, C Agheorghiesei, A Ahmad, F Ahmadov, WS Ahmed, S Ahuja, X Ai, G Aielli, A Aikot, M Ait Tamlihat, B Aitbenchikh, I Aizenberg, M Akbiyik, TPA Åkesson, AV Akimov, D Akiyama, NN Akolkar, S Aktas, K Al Khoury, GL Alberghi, J Albert, P Albicocco, GL Albouy, S Alderweireldt, ZL Alegria, M Aleksa, IN Aleksandrov, C Alexa, T Alexopoulos, F Alfonsi, M Algren, M Alhroob, B Ali, HMJ Ali, S Ali, SW Alibocus, M Aliev, G Alimonti, W Alkakhi, C Allaire, BMM Allbrooke, JF Allen, CA Allendes Flores, PP Allport, A Aloisio, F Alonso, C Alpigiani, M Alvarez Estevez, A Alvarez Fernandez, M Alves Cardoso, MG Alviggi, M Aly, Y Amaral Coutinho, A Ambler, C Amelung, M Amerl, CG Ames, D Amidei, SP Amor Dos Santos, KR Amos, V Ananiev, C Anastopoulos, T Andeen, JK Anders, SY Andrean, A Andreazza, S Angelidakis, A Angerami, AV Anisenkov, A Annovi, C Antel, MT Anthony, E Antipov, M Antonelli, F Anulli, M Aoki, T Aoki, JA Aparisi Pozo, MA Aparo, L Aperio Bella, C Appelt, A Apyan, N Aranzabal, SJ Arbiol Val, C Arcangeletti, ATH Arce, E Arena, J-F Arguin, S Argyropoulos, J-H Arling, O Arnaez, H Arnold, G Artoni, H Asada, K Asai, S Asai, NA Asbah, K Assamagan, R Astalos, S Atashi, RJ Atkin, M Atkinson, H Atmani, PA Atmasiddha, K Augsten, S Auricchio, AD Auriol, VA Austrup, G Avolio, K Axiotis, G Azuelos, D Babal, H Bachacou, K Bachas, A Bachiu, F Backman, A Badea, TM Baer, P Bagnaia, M Bahmani, D Bahner, AJ Bailey, VR Bailey, JT Baines, L Baines, OK Baker, E Bakos, D Bakshi Gupta, V Balakrishnan, R Balasubramanian, EM Baldin, P Balek, E Ballabene, F Balli, LM Baltes, WK Balunas, J Balz, E Banas, M Bandieramonte, A Bandyopadhyay, S Bansal, L Barak, M Barakat, EL Barberio, D Barberis, M Barbero, MZ Barel, KN Barends, T Barillari, M-S Barisits, T Barklow, P Baron, DA Baron Moreno, A Baroncelli, G Barone, AJ Barr, JD Barr, L Barranco Navarro, F Barreiro, J Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, U Barron, MG Barros Teixeira, S Barsov, F Bartels, R Bartoldus, AE Barton, P Bartos, A Basan, M Baselga, A Bassalat, MJ Basso, CR Basson, RL Bates, S Batlamous, JR Batley, B Batool, M Battaglia, D Battulga, M Bauce, M Bauer, P Bauer, LT Bazzano Hurrell, JB Beacham, T Beau, JY Beaucamp, PH Beauchemin, F Becherer, P Bechtle, HP Beck, K Becker, AJ Beddall, VA Bednyakov, CP Bee, LJ Beemster, TA Beermann, M Begalli, M Begel, A Behera, JK Behr, JF Beirer, F Beisiegel, M Belfkir, G Bella, L Bellagamba, A Bellerive, P Bellos, K Beloborodov, D Benchekroun, F Bendebba, Y Benhammou, M Benoit, JR Bensinger, S Bentvelsen, L Beresford, M Beretta, E Bergeaas Kuutmann, N Berger, B Bergmann, J Beringer, G Bernardi, C Bernius, FU Bernlochner, F Bernon, A Berrocal Guardia, T Berry, P Berta, A Berthold, IA Bertram, S Bethke, A Betti, AJ Bevan, NK Bhalla, M Bhamjee, S 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Abstract:

Angular correlations between heavy quarks provide a unique probe of the quark-gluon plasma created in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. Results are presented of a measurement of the azimuthal angle correlations between muons originating from semileptonic decays of heavy quarks produced in 5.02 TeV Pb+Pb and pp collisions at the LHC. The muons are measured with transverse momenta and pseudorapidities satisfying pTμ>4GeV and |ημ|<2.4, respectively. The distributions of azimuthal angle separation Δϕ for muon pairs having pseudorapidity separation |Δη|>0.8, are measured in different Pb+Pb centrality intervals and compared to the same distribution measured in pp collisions at the same center-of-mass energy. Results are presented separately for muon pairs with opposite-sign charges, same-sign charges, and all pairs. A clear peak is observed in all Δϕ distributions at Δϕπ, consistent with the parent heavy-quark pairs being produced via hard-scattering processes. The widths of that peak, characterized using Cauchy-Lorentz fits to the Δϕ distributions, are found to not vary significantly as a function of Pb+Pb collision centrality and are similar for pp and Pb+Pb collisions. This observation will provide important constraints on theoretical descriptions of heavy-quark interactions with the quark-gluon plasma. © 2024 CERN, for the ATLAS Collaboration 2024 CERN

Accuracy requirements on intrinsic alignments for Stage-IV cosmic shear

The Open Journal of Astrophysics Maynooth University 7 (2024)

Authors:

Anya Paopiamsap, Natalia Porqueres, David Alonso, Joachim Harnois-Deraps, C Danielle Leonard

Abstract:

<jats:p>In the context of cosmological weak lensing studies, intrinsic alignments (IAs) are one of the most In the context of cosmological weak lensing studies, intrinsic alignments (IAs) are one of the most complicated astrophysical systematic to model, given the poor understanding of the physical processes that cause them. A number of modelling frameworks for IAs have been proposed in the literature, both purely phenomenological or grounded on a perturbative treatment of symmetry-based arguments. However, the accuracy with which any of these approaches is able to describe the impact of IAs on cosmic shear data, particularly on the comparatively small scales () to which this observable is sensitive, is not clear. Here we quantify the level of disagreement between the true underlying intrinsic alignments and the theoretical model used to describe them that can be allowed in the context of cosmic shear analyses with future Stage-IV surveys. We consider various models describing this “IA residual’’, covering both physics-based approaches, as well as completely agnostic prescriptions. The same qualitative results are recovered in all cases explored: for a Stage-IV cosmic shear survey, a mis-modelling of the IA contribution at the <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mo>∼</mml:mo><mml:mn>10</mml:mn><mml:mi>%</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:math> level produces shifts of <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mo>≲</mml:mo><mml:mn>0.5</mml:mn><mml:mi>σ</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:math> on the final cosmological parameter constraints. Current and future IA models should therefore aim to achieve this level of accuracy, a prospect that is not unfeasible for models with sufficient flexibility.</jats:p>

The effects of bar strength and kinematics on galaxy evolution: slow strong bars affect their hosts the most

(2024)

Authors:

Tobias Géron, RJ Smethurst, Chris Lintott, Karen L Masters, IL Garland, Petra Mengistu, David O'Ryan, BD Simmons