The Stripe 82 1–2 GHz Very Large Array Snapshot Survey: host galaxy properties and accretion rates of radio galaxies
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Oxford University Press 480:1 (2018) 358-370
Abstract:A sample of 1161 radio galaxies with 0.01 <z< 0.7 and 1021 < L1.4 GHz/W ˜Hz−1 < 1027 is selected from the Stripe 82 1–2 GHz Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array Snapshot Survey, which covers 100 sq. deg. and has a 1σ noise level of 88 μJy beam−1. Optical spectra are used to classify these sources as high excitation and low excitation radio galaxies (HERGs and LERGs), resulting in 60 HERGs, 149 LERGs, and 600 ‘probable LERGs’. The host galaxies of the LERGs have older stellar populations than those of the HERGs, in agreement with previous results in the literature. We find that the HERGs tend to have higher Eddington-scaled accretion rates than the LERGs but that there is some overlap between the two distributions. We show that the properties of the host galaxies vary continuously with accretion rate, with the most slowly accreting sources having the oldest stellar populations, consistent with the idea that these sources lack a supply of cold gas. We find that 84 per cent of our sample releases more than 10 per cent of their accretion power in their jets, showing that mechanical active galactic nucleus (AGN) feedback is significantly underestimated in many hydrodynamical simulations. There is a scatter of ∼2 dex in the fraction of the accreted AGN power deposited back into the interstellar medium in mechanical form, showing that the assumption in many simulations that there is a direct scaling between accretion rate and radio-mode feedback does not necessarily hold. We also find that mechanical feedback is significant for many of the HERGs in our sample as well as the LERGs.
The faint radio source population at 15.7 GHz – IV. The dominance of core emission in faint radio galaxies
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Oxford University Press 493:2 (2020) 2841-2853
Abstract:We present 15-GHz Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array observations of a complete sample of radio galaxies selected at 15.7 GHz from the Tenth Cambridge (10C) survey. 67 out of the 95 sources (71 per cent) are unresolved in the new observations and lower frequency radio observations, placing an upper limit on their angular size of ∼2 arcsec. Thus, compact radio galaxies, or radio galaxies with very faint jets, are the dominant population in the 10C survey. This provides support for the suggestion in our previous work that low-luminosity (L<1025W~Hz−1) radio galaxies are core dominated, although higher resolution observations are required to confirm this directly. The 10C sample of compact, high-frequency selected radio galaxies is a mixture of high-excitation and low-excitation radio galaxies and displays a range of radio spectral shapes, demonstrating that they are a mixed population of objects.
The prevalence of core emission in faint radio galaxies in the SKA Simulated Skies
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Oxford University Press 471:1 (2017) 908-913
Abstract:Empirical simulations based on extrapolations from well-established low-frequency (<5 GHz) surveys fail to accurately model the faint, high frequency (>10 GHz) source population; they underpredict the number of observed sources by a factor of 2 below S18GHz = 10 mJy and fail to reproduce the observed spectral index distribution. We suggest that this is because the faint radio galaxies are not modelled correctly in the simulations and show that by adding a flat-spectrum core component to the Fanaroff and Riley type-I (FRI) sources in the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Simulated Skies, the observed 15 GHz source counts can be reproduced. We find that the observations are best matched by assuming that the fraction of the total 1.4 GHz flux density that originates from the core varies with 1.4 GHz luminosity; sources with 1.4 GHz luminosities < 1025 W Hz − 1 require a core fraction ∼0.3, while the more luminous sources require a much smaller core fraction of 5 × 10−4. The low luminosity FRI sources with high core fractions that were not included in the original simulation may be equivalent to the compact ‘FR0’ sources found in recent studies.
10C continued: a deeper radio survey at 15.7 GHz
MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 457:2 (2016) 1496-1506
MIGHTEE - H I. The relation between the H I gas in galaxies and the cosmic web
MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 513:2 (2022) 2168-2177