Emulating the impact of additional proton–proton interactions in the ATLAS simulation by presampling sets of inelastic Monte Carlo events

Computing and Software for Big Science 6:1 (2022)

Authors:

G Aad, B Abbott, DC Abbott, AA Abud, K Abeling, DK Abhayasinghe, SH Abidi, OS AbouZeid, NL Abraham, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, Y Abulaiti, ACA Hoffman, BS Acharya, B Achkar, L Adam, CA Bourdarios, L Adamczyk, L Adamek, J Adelman, A Adiguzel, S Adorni, T Adye, AA Affolder, Y Afik, C Agapopoulou, MN Agaras, A Aggarwal, C Agheorghiesei, JA Aguilar-Saavedra, A Ahmad, F Ahmadov, WS Ahmed, X Ai, G Aielli, S Akatsuka, M Akbiyik, TPA Åkesson, E Akilli, AV Akimov, KA Khoury, GL Alberghi, J Albert, MJA Verzini, S Alderweireldt, M Aleksa, IN Aleksandrov, C Alexa, T Alexopoulos, A Alfonsi, F Alfonsi, M Alhroob, B Ali, S Ali, M Aliev, G Alimonti, C Allaire, BMM Allbrooke, PP Allport, A Aloisio, F Alonso, C Alpigiani, EA Camelia, MA Estevez, MG Alviggi, YA Coutinho, A Ambler, L Ambroz, C Amelung, D Amidei, SPAD Santos, S Amoroso, CS Amrouche, C Anastopoulos, N Andari, T Andeen, JK Anders, SY Andrean, A Andreazza, V Andrei, CR Anelli, S Angelidakis, A Angerami, AV Anisenkov, A Annovi, C Antel, MT Anthony, E Antipov, M Antonelli, DJA Antrim, F Anulli, M Aoki, JAA Pozo, MA Aparo, LA Bella, N Aranzabal, VA Ferraz, C Arcangeletti, ATH Arce, JF Arguin

Abstract:

The accurate simulation of additional interactions at the ATLAS experiment for the analysis of proton–proton collisions delivered by the Large Hadron Collider presents a significant challenge to the computing resources. During the LHC Run 2 (2015–2018), there were up to 70 inelastic interactions per bunch crossing, which need to be accounted for in Monte Carlo (MC) production. In this document, a new method to account for these additional interactions in the simulation chain is described. Instead of sampling the inelastic interactions and adding their energy deposits to a hard-scatter interaction one-by-one, the inelastic interactions are presampled, independent of the hard scatter, and stored as combined events. Consequently, for each hard-scatter interaction, only one such presampled event needs to be added as part of the simulation chain. For the Run 2 simulation chain, with an average of 35 interactions per bunch crossing, this new method provides a substantial reduction in MC production CPU needs of around 20%, while reproducing the properties of the reconstructed quantities relevant for physics analyses with good accuracy.

Vector boson scattering processes: Status and prospects

Reviews in Physics 8 (2022)

Authors:

D Buarque Franzosi, M Gallinaro, R Ruiz, TK Aarrestad, F Cetorelli, M Chiesa, A Costantini, A Denner, S Dittmaier, R Franken, P Govoni, T Han, AV Kotwal, J Li, K Lohwasser, K Long, Y Ma, L Mantani, M Marchegiani, M Pellen, G Pelliccioli, K Potamianos, J Reuter, T Schmidt, C Schwan, M Szleper, R Verheyen, K Xie, R Zhang

Abstract:

Insight into the electroweak (EW) and Higgs sectors can be achieved through measurements of vector boson scattering (VBS) processes. The scattering of EW bosons are rare processes that are precisely predicted in the Standard Model (SM) and are closely related to the Higgs mechanism. Modifications to VBS processes are also predicted in models of physics beyond the SM (BSM), for example through changes to the Higgs boson couplings to gauge bosons and the resonant production of new particles. In this review, experimental results and theoretical developments of VBS at the Large Hadron Collider, its high luminosity upgrade, and future colliders are presented.

Constraints on Higgs boson production with large transverse momentum using Hbb¯ decays in the ATLAS detector

Physical Review D American Physical Society (APS) 105:9 (2022) 92003

Authors:

G Aad, B Abbott, Dc Abbott, A Abed Abud, K Abeling, Dk Abhayasinghe, Sh Abidi, A Aboulhorma, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, Y Abulaiti, Ac Abusleme Hoffman, Bs Acharya, B Achkar, L Adam, C Adam Bourdarios, L Adamczyk, L Adamek, Sv Addepalli, J Adelman, A Adiguzel, S Adorni, T Adye, Aa Affolder, C Agapopoulou

High-precision measurement of the W boson mass with the CDF II detector

Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 376:6589 (2022) 170-176

Authors:

T Aaltonen, S Amerio, D Amidei, A Anastassov, A Annovi, G Apollinari, Ja Appel, T Arisawa, A Artikov, W Ashmanskas, B Auerbach, A Boveia, Hs Budd, K Burkett, G Busetto, P Butti, A Buzatu, A Calamba, S Camarda, C Hays

Abstract:

The mass of the W boson, a mediator of the weak force between elementary particles, is tightly constrained by the symmetries of the standard model of particle physics. The Higgs boson was the last missing component of the model. After observation of the Higgs boson, a measurement of the W boson mass provides a stringent test of the model. We measure the W boson mass, MW, using data corresponding to 8.8 inverse femtobarns of integrated luminosity collected in proton-antiproton collisions at a 1.96 tera-electron volt center-of-mass energy with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. A sample of approximately 4 million W boson candidates is used to obtain [Formula: see text], the precision of which exceeds that of all previous measurements combined (stat, statistical uncertainty; syst, systematic uncertainty; MeV, mega-electron volts; c, speed of light in a vacuum). This measurement is in significant tension with the standard model expectation.

Radiation hardness and timing performance in MALTA monolithic pixel sensors in TowerJazz 180 nm

JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION 17:4 (2022) ARTN C04034

Authors:

M van Rijnbach, P Allport, I Asensi, I Berdalovic, D Bortoletto, C Buttar, R Cardella, F Dachs, V Dao, H Denizli, D Dobrijevic, M Dyndal, L Flores, P Freeman, A Gabrielli, L Gonella, M LeBlanc, K Oyulmaz, H Pernegger, F Piro, P Riedler, H Sandaker, C Solans, W Snoeys, T Suligoj, J Torres, S Worm