Vindication of entanglement-based witnesses of non-classicality in hybrid systems
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL 54:37 (2021) ARTN 375301
Interference in the Heisenberg picture of quantum field theory, local elements of reality, and fermions
Physical Review D 104:6 (2021)
Abstract:We describe a simple model for quantum interference of a single photon in the Mach-Zehnder interferometer using the Heisenberg picture. Our purpose is to show that the description in the Heisenberg picture is local just like in the case of the classical electromagnetic field, the only difference being that the electric and the magnetic fields are, in the quantum case, operators representing quantum observables. We then consider a simple model for a single-electron Mach-Zehnder interferometer and explain what the appropriate Heisenberg picture treatment is in this case. Interestingly, the parity superselection rule that arises in fermions due to the different spin statistics forces us to describe the electron in a radically different way to the photon in order to preserve the account in terms of local observables. A model using only local quantum observables of fermionic modes (such as the current operator) is nevertheless still viable to describe phase acquisition. We discuss how to extend this local analysis to coupled fermionic and bosonic fields within the same local formalism of quantum electrodynamics as formulated in the Heisenberg picture.
Temporal teleportation with pseudo-density operators: How dynamics emerges from temporal entanglement.
Science advances 7:38 (2021) eabe4742
Abstract:[Figure: see text].
Sagnac interferometer and the quantum nature of gravity
Journal of Physics Communications 5:5 (2021)
Abstract:We use a quantum variant of the Sagnac interferometer to argue for the quantum nature of gravity assuming the equivalence principle, which we formulate in its quantum version. We first present an original derivation of the phase acquired in the conventional Sagnac matter-wave interferometer, within the Hamiltonian formalism. Then we modify the interferometer in two crucial respects. The interfering matter wave is interfered along two different distances from the centre and the interferometer is prepared in a superposition of two different angular velocities. We argue that if the radial and angular degrees of freedom of the matter wave become entangled through this experiment, then, via the equivalence principle, the gravitational field must be non-classical.
Decoherence effects in non-classicality tests of gravity
New Journal of Physics IOP Publishing 23:4 (2021) 43040