Vindication of entanglement-based witnesses of non-classicality in hybrid systems

JOURNAL OF PHYSICS A-MATHEMATICAL AND THEORETICAL 54:37 (2021) ARTN 375301

Authors:

Emanuele Marconato, Chiara Marletto

Interference in the Heisenberg picture of quantum field theory, local elements of reality, and fermions

Physical Review D 104:6 (2021)

Authors:

C Marletto, NT Vidal, V Vedral

Abstract:

We describe a simple model for quantum interference of a single photon in the Mach-Zehnder interferometer using the Heisenberg picture. Our purpose is to show that the description in the Heisenberg picture is local just like in the case of the classical electromagnetic field, the only difference being that the electric and the magnetic fields are, in the quantum case, operators representing quantum observables. We then consider a simple model for a single-electron Mach-Zehnder interferometer and explain what the appropriate Heisenberg picture treatment is in this case. Interestingly, the parity superselection rule that arises in fermions due to the different spin statistics forces us to describe the electron in a radically different way to the photon in order to preserve the account in terms of local observables. A model using only local quantum observables of fermionic modes (such as the current operator) is nevertheless still viable to describe phase acquisition. We discuss how to extend this local analysis to coupled fermionic and bosonic fields within the same local formalism of quantum electrodynamics as formulated in the Heisenberg picture.

Temporal teleportation with pseudo-density operators: How dynamics emerges from temporal entanglement.

Science advances 7:38 (2021) eabe4742

Authors:

Chiara Marletto, Vlatko Vedral, Salvatore Virzì, Alessio Avella, Fabrizio Piacentini, Marco Gramegna, Ivo Pietro Degiovanni, Marco Genovese

Abstract:

[Figure: see text].

Sagnac interferometer and the quantum nature of gravity

Journal of Physics Communications 5:5 (2021)

Authors:

C Marletto, V Vedral

Abstract:

We use a quantum variant of the Sagnac interferometer to argue for the quantum nature of gravity assuming the equivalence principle, which we formulate in its quantum version. We first present an original derivation of the phase acquired in the conventional Sagnac matter-wave interferometer, within the Hamiltonian formalism. Then we modify the interferometer in two crucial respects. The interfering matter wave is interfered along two different distances from the centre and the interferometer is prepared in a superposition of two different angular velocities. We argue that if the radial and angular degrees of freedom of the matter wave become entangled through this experiment, then, via the equivalence principle, the gravitational field must be non-classical.

Decoherence effects in non-classicality tests of gravity

New Journal of Physics IOP Publishing 23:4 (2021) 43040

Authors:

Simone Rijavec, Matteo Carlesso, Angelo Bassi, Vlatko Vedral, Chiara Marletto

Abstract:

The experimental observation of a clear quantum signature of gravity is believed to be out of the grasp of current technology. However, several recent promising proposals to test the possible existence of non-classical features of gravity seem to be accessible by the state-of-art table-top experiments. Among them, some aim at measuring the gravitationally induced entanglement between two masses which would be a distinct non-classical signature of gravity. We explicitly study, in two of these proposals, the effects of decoherence on the system's dynamics by monitoring the corresponding degree of entanglement. We identify the required experimental conditions necessary to perform successfully the experiments. In parallel, we account also for the possible effects of the continuous spontaneous localization (CSL) model, which is the most known among the models of spontaneous wavefunction collapse. We find that any value of the parameters of the CSL model would completely hinder the generation of gravitationally induced entanglement.