High-rate high-fidelity entanglement of qubits across an elementary quantum network
We demonstrate remote entanglement of trapped-ion qubits via a quantum-optical fiber link with fidelity and rate approaching those of local operations. Two 88Sr+ qubits are entangled via the polarization degree of freedom of two spontaneously emitted 422 nm photons which are coupled by high-numerical-aperture lenses into single-mode optical fibers and interfere on a beam splitter. A novel geometry allows high-efficiency photon collection while maintaining unit fidelity for ion-photon entanglement. We generate heralded Bell pairs with fidelity 94% at an average rate 182 s−1 (success probability 2.18×10−4).
Probing qubit memory errors at the part-per-million level
Robust qubit memory is essential for quantum computing, both for near-term devices operating without error correction, and for the long-term goal of a fault-tolerant processor. We directly measure the memory error εm for a 43Ca+ trapped-ion qubit in the small-error regime and find εm<10−4 for storage times t ≲ 50 ms. This exceeds gate or measurement times by three orders of magnitude. Using randomized benchmarking, at t = 1 ms we measure εm=1.2(7)×10−6, around ten times smaller than that extrapolated from the T∗2 time, and limited by instability of the atomic clock reference used to benchmark the qubit.