Physical Review Letters American Physical Society 127:18 (2021) 183603
Abstract:We introduce the concept of a squeezed laser, in which a squeezed cavity mode develops a macroscopic photonic occupation due to stimulated emission. Above the lasing threshold, the emitted light retains both the spectral purity of a laser and the photon correlations characteristic of quadrature squeezing. Our proposal, implementable in optical setups, relies on a combination of the parametric driving of the cavity and the excitation by a broadband squeezed vacuum to achieve lasing behavior in a squeezed cavity mode. The squeezed laser can find applications that go beyond those of standard lasers thanks to the squeezed character, such as the direct application in Michelson interferometry beyond the standard quantum limit, or its use in atomic metrology.
Higgs mode stabilization by photoinduced long-range interactions in a superconductor
Physical Review B American Physical Society 104:14 (2021) L140503
Abstract:We show that low-lying excitations of a 2D Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer superconductor are significantly altered when coupled to an externally driven cavity, which induces controllable long-range attractive interactions between the electrons. We find that they combine nonlinearly with intrinsic local interactions to increase the Bogoliubov quasiparticle excitation energies, thus enlarging the superconducting gap. The long-range nature of the driven-cavity-induced attraction qualitatively changes the collective excitations of the superconductor. Specifically, they lead to the appearance of additional collective excitations of the excitonic modes. Furthermore, the Higgs mode is pushed into the gap and now lies below the Bogoliubov quasiparticle continuum such that it cannot decay into quasiparticles. This way, the Higgs mode's lifetime is greatly enhanced.
Optimized observable readout from single-shot images of ultracold atoms via machine learning
Physical Review A American Physical Society 104:4 (2021) L041301
Abstract:Single-shot images are the standard readout of experiments with ultracold atoms, the imperfect reflection of their many-body physics. The efficient extraction of observables from single-shot images is thus crucial. Here we demonstrate how artificial neural networks can optimize this extraction. In contrast to standard averaging approaches, machine learning allows both one- and two-particle densities to be accurately obtained from a drastically reduced number of single-shot images. Quantum fluctuations and correlations are directly harnessed to obtain physical observables for bosons in a tilted double-well potential at an extreme accuracy. Strikingly, machine learning also enables a reliable extraction of momentum-space observables from real-space single-shot images and vice versa. With this technique, the reconfiguration of the experimental setup between in situ and time-of-flight imaging is required only once to obtain training data, thus potentially granting an outstanding reduction in resources.
Tuning Metastable Light-Induced Superconductivity in K
3C 60with a Hybrid CO 2-Ti: Sapphire Laser
2021 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO 2021 - Proceedings (2021)
Abstract:High power mid-infrared light pulses of tunable pulse length were generated to stabilize light-induced superconductivity in K3C60 for nanoseconds. This metastable state showed a vanishing electrical resistance at five times the material's equilibrium critical temperature.
Evidence for metastable photo-induced superconductivity in K3C60
NATURE PHYSICS (2021)