Erratum: Secularly powered outflows from AGNs: The dominance of non-merger driven supermassive black hole growth (Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society DOI: 10.1093/jeea/stz2443)

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 506:3 (2021) 3419-3420

Authors:

RJ Smethurst, BD Simmons, CJ Lintott, J Shanahan, AL Coil, WC Keel, E Glikman, EC Moran, KL Masters, M Urry, K Willett

Abstract:

(Table Presented) In Smethurst et al. (2019), the [OIII] gas masses in outflows from 12 disk-dominated AGN were calculated using narrowband imaging from the Shane-3m. An error in the standard star flux calibration resulted in the over estimate of the flux in each image by three orders of magnitude. Due to the intricacies of the reduction of the individual sources, this resulted in an overestimate in the range 1.3 - 3.9 dex (with an average of 2.6 dex) of the calculated [OIII] gas masses. This error propagated through to give a typical overestimate of the outflow rates (and in turn the inflow rates) of 2.6 dex. Despite this, all of the conclusions of Smethurst et al. (2019) still hold and are in fact made stronger. Including, that secular mechanisms are more than sufficient to both grow a SMBH and power an outflow from the AGN, and this results in different accretion and outflow properties compared to the merger dominated sample of Bae et al. (2017). We provide the correct gas masses, outflow rates and inflow rates in Table 1 below. The mean outflow rate for the DISK-DOMOUTFLOW sample is now 0.0020 ± 0.0005 M⊙ yr-1. For an updated study please see Smethurst et al. (2021; submitted). Please note, we have also added authors who were involved in the data acquisition but were omitted from the original author list.

Astronomy Domine: advancing science with a burning plasma

Contemporary Physics Taylor & Francis (2021)

Authors:

steven Rose, PETER HATFIELD

Radio spectral properties of star-forming galaxies in the MIGHTEE-COSMOS field and their impact on the far-infrared-radio correlation

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Oxford University Press (OUP) (2021)

Authors:

Fangxia An, M Vaccari, Ian Smail, Mj Jarvis, Ih Whittam, Cl Hale, S Jin, Jd Collier, E Daddi, J Delhaize, B Frank, Ej Murphy, M Prescott, S Sekhar, Ar Taylor, Y Ao, K Knowles, L Marchetti, Sm Randriamampandry, Z Randriamanakoto

Abstract:

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>We study the radio spectral properties of 2,094 star-forming galaxies (SFGs) by combining our early science data from the MeerKAT International GHz Tiered Extragalactic Exploration (MIGHTEE) survey with VLA, GMRT radio data, and rich ancillary data in the COSMOS field. These SFGs are selected at VLA 3 GHz, and their flux densities from MeerKAT 1.3 GHz and GMRT 325 MHz imaging data are extracted using the ‘super-deblending’ technique. The median radio spectral index is $\alpha _{\rm 1.3\, GHz}^{\rm 3\, GHz}=-0.80\pm 0.01$ without significant variation across the rest-frame frequencies ∼1.3–10 GHz, indicating radio spectra dominated by synchrotron radiation. On average, the radio spectrum at observer-frame 1.3–3 GHz slightly steepens with increasing stellar mass with a linear fitted slope of β = −0.08 ± 0.01, which could be explained by age-related synchrotron losses. Due to the sensitivity of GMRT 325 MHz data, we apply a further flux density cut at 3 GHz (S3 GHz ≥ 50 μJy) and obtain a sample of 166 SFGs with measured flux densities at 325 MHz, 1.3 GHz, and 3 GHz. On average, the radio spectrum of SFGs flattens at low frequency with the median spectral indices of $\alpha ^{\rm 1.3\, GHz}_{\rm 325\, MHz}=-0.59^{+0.02}_{-0.03}$ and $\alpha ^{\rm 3.0\, GHz}_{\rm 1.3\, GHz}=-0.74^{+0.01}_{-0.02}$. At low frequency, our stacking analyses show that the radio spectrum also slightly steepens with increasing stellar mass. By comparing the far-infrared-radio correlations of SFGs based on different radio spectral indices, we find that adopting $\alpha _{\rm 1.3\, GHz}^{\rm 3\, GHz}$ for k-corrections will significantly underestimate the infrared-to-radio luminosity ratio (qIR) for &amp;gt;17 per cent of the SFGs with measured flux density at the three radio frequencies in our sample, because their radio spectra are significantly flatter at low frequency (0.33–1.3 GHz).</jats:p>

COALAS: I. ATCA CO(1-0) survey and luminosity function in the Spiderweb protocluster at z=2.16

ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 652 (2021) ARTN A11

Authors:

P Serra, Cdp Lagos, Ap Thomson, L Bassini, M Lehnert, Jr Allison, Jb Champagne, B Indermuehle, Rp Norris, N Seymour, R Shimakawa, Cm Casey, C De Breuck, G Drouart, N Hatch, T Kodama, Y Koyama, P Macgregor, G Miley, R Overzier, Jm Perez-Martinez, Jm Rodriguez-Espinosa, H Roettgering, M Sanchez Portal

Abstract:

We report a detailed CO(1-0) survey of a galaxy protocluster field at z = 2.16, based on 475 h of observations with the Australia Telescope Compact Array. We constructed a large mosaic of 13 individual pointings, covering an area of 21 arcmin2 and ±6500 km s-1 range in velocity. We obtained a robust sample of 46 CO(1-0) detections spanning z = 2.09 - 2.22, constituting the largest sample of molecular gas measurements in protoclusters to date. The CO emitters show an overdensity at z = 2.12 - 2.21, suggesting a galaxy super-protocluster or a protocluster connected to large-scale filaments of ∼120 cMpc in size. We find that 90% of CO emitters have distances >0.′5-4′ to the center galaxy, indicating that small area surveys would miss the majority of gas reservoirs in similar structures. Half of the CO emitters have velocities larger than escape velocities, which appears gravitationally unbound to the cluster core. These unbound sources are barely found within the R200 radius around the center, which is consistent with a picture in which the cluster core is collapsed while outer regions are still in formation. Compared to other protoclusters, this structure contains a relatively higher number of CO emitters with relatively narrow line widths and high luminosities, indicating galaxy mergers. We used these CO emitters to place the first constraint on the CO luminosity function and molecular gas density in an overdense environment. The amplitude of the CO luminosity function is 1.6 ± 0.5 orders of magnitude higher than that observed for field galaxy samples at z ∼ 2, and one order of magnitude higher than predictions for galaxy protoclusters from semi-analytical SHARK models. We derive a high molecular gas density of 0.6 - 1.3 × 109Mpdbl cMpc-3 for this structure, which is consistent with predictions for cold gas density of massive structures from hydro-dynamical DIANOGA simulations.

Evolution of the galaxy stellar mass function: evidence for an increasing M* from z = 2 to the present day

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Oxford University Press (OUP) 506:4 (2021) 4933-4951

Authors:

Nj Adams, Raa Bowler, Mj Jarvis, B Häußler, Cdp Lagos

Abstract:

<jats:title>ABSTRACT</jats:title> <jats:p>Utilizing optical and near-infrared broad-band photometry covering &amp;gt;5 deg2 in two of the most well-studied extragalactic legacy fields (COSMOS and XMM-LSS), we measure the galaxy stellar mass function (GSMF) between 0.1 &amp;lt; z &amp;lt; 2.0. We explore in detail the effect of two source extraction methods (SExtractor and ProFound) in addition to the inclusion/exclusion of Spitzer IRAC 3.6 and 4.5 μm photometry when measuring the GSMF. We find that including IRAC data reduces the number of massive (log10(M/M⊙) &amp;gt; 11.25) galaxies found due to improved photometric redshift accuracy, but has little effect on the more numerous lower-mass galaxies. We fit the resultant GSMFs with double Schechter functions down to log10(M/M⊙) = 7.75 (9.75) at z = 0.1 (2.0) and find that the choice of source extraction software has no significant effect on the derived best-fitting parameters. However, the choice of methodology used to correct for the Eddington bias has a larger impact on the high-mass end of the GSMF, which can partly explain the spread in derived M* values from previous studies. Using an empirical correction to model the intrinsic GSMF, we find evidence for an evolving characteristic stellar mass with δlog10(M*/M⊙)/δz = $-0.16\pm 0.05 \, (-0.11\pm 0.05)$, when using SExtractor (ProFound). We argue that with widely quenched star formation rates in massive galaxies at low redshift (z &amp;lt; 0.5), additional growth via mergers is required in order to sustain such an evolution to a higher characteristic mass.</jats:p>