The elemental abundance of quiescent galaxies in the LEGA-C survey: The (non-)evolution of [α/Fe] from z = 0.75 to z = 0
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 525:3 (2023) 4219-4230
Abstract:We measure the [?/Fe] abundances for 183 quiescent galaxies at z = 0.60-0.75 with stellar masses ranging 10.4 ? log10(M?/MâŠ) ? 11.6 selected from the Large Early Galaxy Astrophysics Census survey. We estimate [?/Fe] from the ratio of the spectral indices Mgb (? ?5177 Å) and Fe4383, compared to predictions of simple stellar population models. We find that 91 per cent of quiescents in our sample have supersolar [?/Fe], with an average value of [?/Fe] = +0.24 ± 0.01. We find no significant correlation between [?/Fe] and stellar metallicity, mass, velocity dispersion, and average formation time. Galaxies that formed the bulk of their stellar mass on time-scales shorter than 1 Gyr follow the same [?/Fe] distribution as those which formed on longer time-scales. In comparison to local early-Type galaxies and to stacked spectra of quiescent galaxies at z = 0.38 and z = 0.07, we find that the average [?/Fe] has not changed between z = 0.75 and the present time. Our work shows that the vast majority of massive quiescent galaxies at z ?0.7 are ?-enhanced, and that no detectable evolution of the average [?/Fe] has taken place over the last ?6.5 Gyr.
Minutes-duration optical flares with supernova luminosities.
Abstract:In recent years, certain luminous extragalactic optical transients have been observed to last only a few days1. Their short observed duration implies a different powering mechanism from the most common luminous extragalactic transients (supernovae), whose timescale is weeks2. Some short-duration transients, most notably AT2018cow (ref. 3), show blue optical colours and bright radio and X-ray emission4. Several AT2018cow-like transients have shown hints of a long-lived embedded energy source5, such as X-ray variability6,7, prolonged ultraviolet emission8, a tentative X-ray quasiperiodic oscillation9,10 and large energies coupled to fast (but subrelativistic) radio-emitting ejecta11,12. Here we report observations of minutes-duration optical flares in the aftermath of an AT2018cow-like transient, AT2022tsd (the 'Tasmanian Devil'). The flares occur over a period of months, are highly energetic and are probably nonthermal, implying that they arise from a near-relativistic outflow or jet. Our observations confirm that, in some AT2018cow-like transients, the embedded energy source is a compact object, either a magnetar or an accreting black hole.
MIGHTEE: multi-wavelength counterparts in the COSMOS field
ArXiv 2310.17409 (2023)
Unprecedented Early Flux Excess in the Hybrid 02es-like Type Ia Supernova 2022ywc Indicates Interaction with Circumstellar Material
Astrophysical Journal Letters 956:2 (2023)
Abstract:We present optical photometric and spectroscopic observations of the 02es-like type Ia supernova (SN) 2022ywc. The transient occurred in the outskirts of an elliptical host galaxy and showed a striking double-peaked light curve with an early excess feature detected in the ATLAS orange and cyan bands. The early excess is remarkably luminous with an absolute magnitude ∼ − 19, comparable in luminosity to the subsequent radioactively driven second peak. The spectra resemble the hybrid 02es-like SN 2016jhr, which is considered to be a helium shell detonation candidate. We investigate different physical mechanisms that could power such a prominent early excess and rule out massive helium shell detonation, surface 56Ni distribution, and ejecta-companion interaction. We conclude that SN ejecta interacting with circumstellar material (CSM) is the most viable scenario. Semianalytical modeling with MOSFiT indicates that SN ejecta interacting with ∼0.05 M ⊙ of CSM at a distance of ∼1014 cm can explain the extraordinary light curve. A double-degenerate scenario may explain the origin of the CSM, by tidally stripped material from either the secondary white dwarf or disk-originated matter launched along polar axes following the disruption and accretion of the secondary white dwarf. A nonspherical CSM configuration could suggest that a small fraction of 02es-like events viewed along a favorable line of sight may be expected to display a very conspicuous early excess like SN 2022ywc.
Heavy element production in a compact object merger observed by JWST.