Direct detection of dark matter-APPEC committee report.

Reports on progress in physics. Physical Society (Great Britain) 85:5 (2022)

Authors:

Julien Billard, Mark Boulay, Susana Cebrián, Laura Covi, Giuliana Fiorillo, Anne Green, Joachim Kopp, Béla Majorovits, Kimberly Palladino, Federica Petricca, Leszek Roszkowski Chair, Marc Schumann

Abstract:

This report provides an extensive review of the experimental programme of direct detection searches of particle dark matter. It focuses mostly on European efforts, both current and planned, but does it within a broader context of a worldwide activity in the field. It aims at identifying the virtues, opportunities and challenges associated with the different experimental approaches and search techniques. It presents scientific and technological synergies, both existing and emerging, with some other areas of particle physics, notably collider and neutrino programmes, and beyond. It addresses the issue of infrastructure in light of the growing needs and challenges of the different experimental searches. Finally, the report makes a number of recommendations from the perspective of a long-term future of the field. They are introduced, along with some justification, in the opening overview and recommendations section and are next summarised at the end of the report. Overall, we recommend that the direct search for dark matter particle interactions with a detector target should be given top priority in astroparticle physics, and in all particle physics, and beyond, as a positive measurement will provide the most unambiguous confirmation of the particle nature of dark matter in the Universe.

Cosmogenic production of Ar 37 in the context of the LUX-ZEPLIN experiment

Physical Review D 105:8 (2022)

Authors:

J Aalbers, DS Akerib, AK Al Musalhi, F Alder, SK Alsum, CS Amarasinghe, A Ames, TJ Anderson, N Angelides, HM Araújo, JE Armstrong, M Arthurs, X Bai, A Baker, J Balajthy, S Balashov, J Bang, JW Bargemann, D Bauer, A Baxter, K Beattie, EP Bernard, A Bhatti, A Biekert, TP Biesiadzinski, HJ Birch, GM Blockinger, E Bodnia, B Boxer, CAJ Brew, P Brás, S Burdin, JK Busenitz, M Buuck, R Cabrita, MC Carmona-Benitez, M Cascella, C Chan, A Chawla, H Chen, NI Chott, A Cole, MV Converse, A Cottle, G Cox, O Creaner, JE Cutter, CE Dahl, A David, L De Viveiros, JEY Dobson, E Druszkiewicz, SR Eriksen, A Fan, S Fayer, NM Fearon, S Fiorucci, H Flaecher, ED Fraser, T Fruth, RJ Gaitskell, J Genovesi, C Ghag, E Gibson, MGD Gilchriese, S Gokhale, MGD Van Der Grinten, CB Gwilliam, CR Hall, SJ Haselschwardt, SA Hertel, M Horn, DQ Huang, D Hunt, CM Ignarra, O Jahangir, RS James, W Ji, J Johnson, AC Kaboth, AC Kamaha, K Kamdin, D Khaitan, A Khazov, I Khurana, D Kodroff, L Korley, EV Korolkova, H Kraus, S Kravitz, L Kreczko, VA Kudryavtsev, EA Leason, DS Leonard, KT Lesko, C Levy, J Lee, J Lin, A Lindote, R Linehan

Abstract:

We estimate the amount of Ar37 produced in natural xenon via cosmic-ray-induced spallation, an inevitable consequence of the transportation and storage of xenon on the Earth's surface. We then calculate the resulting Ar37 concentration in a 10-tonne payload (similar to that of the LUX-ZEPLIN experiment) assuming a representative schedule of xenon purification, storage, and delivery to the underground facility. Using the spallation model by Silberberg and Tsao, the sea-level production rate of Ar37 in natural xenon is estimated to be 0.024 atoms/kg/day. Assuming the xenon is successively purified to remove radioactive contaminants in 1-tonne batches at a rate of 1 tonne/month, the average Ar37 activity after 10 tons are purified and transported underground is 0.058-0.090 μBq/kg, depending on the degree of argon removal during above-ground purification. Such cosmogenic Ar37 will appear as a noticeable background in the early science data, while decaying with a 35-day half-life. This newly noticed production mechanism of Ar37 should be considered when planning for future liquid-xenon-based experiments.

Probing spin-dependent dark matter interactions with Li-6

EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL C 82:3 (2022) ARTN 207

Authors:

G Angloher, G Benato, A Bento, E Bertoldo, A Bertolini, R Breier, C Bucci, L Canonica, A D'Addabbo, S Di Lorenzo, L Einfalt, A Erb, F von Feilitzsch, N Ferreiro Iachellini, S Fichtinger, D Fuchs, A Fuss, A Garai, VM Ghete, P Gorla, S Gupta, D Hauff, M Jeskovsky, J Jochum, M Kaznacheeva, A Kinast, H Kluck, H Kraus, A Langenkaemper, M Mancuso, L Marini, V Mokina, A Nilima, M Olmi, T Ortmann, C Pagliarone, V Palusova, L Pattavina, F Petricca, W Potzel, P Povinec, F Proebst, F Pucci, F Reindl, J Rothe, K Schaeffner, J Schieck, D Schmiedmayer, S Schoenert, C Schwertner, M Stahlberg, L Stodolsky, C Strandhagen, R Strauss, I Usherov, F Wagner, M Willers, V Zema

Projected sensitivity of the LUX-ZEPLIN experiment to the two-neutrino and neutrinoless double beta decays of Xe-134

PHYSICAL REVIEW C 104:6 (2021) ARTN 065501

Authors:

DS Akerib, AK Al Musalhi, SK Alsum, CS Amarasinghe, A Ames, TJ Anderson, N Angelides, HM Araujo, JE Armstrong, M Arthurs, X Bai, J Balajthy, S Balashov, J Bang, JW Bargemann, D Bauer, A Baxter, P Beltrame, EP Bernard, A Bernstein, A Bhatti, A Biekert, TP Biesiadzinski, HJ Birch, GM Blockinger, E Bodnia, B Boxer, CAJ Brew, P Bras, S Burdin, JK Busenitz, M Buuck, R Cabrita, MC Carmona-Benitez, M Cascella, C Chan, NI Chott, A Cole, MV Converse, A Cottle, G Cox, O Creaner, JE Cutter, CE Dahl, L de Viveiros, JEY Dobson, E Druszkiewicz, SR Eriksen, A Fan, S Fayer, NM Fearon, S Fiorucci, H Flaecher, ED Fraser, T Fruth, RJ Gaitskell, J Genovesi, C Ghag, E Gibson, S Gokhale, MGD van der Grinten, CB Gwilliam, CR Hall, SJ Haselschwardt, SA Hertel, M Horn, DQ Huang, MCI Gnarra, O Jahangir, RS James, W Ji, J Johnson, AC Kaboth, AC Kamaha, K Kamdin, K Kazkaz, D Khaitan, A Khazov, I Khurana, D Kodroff, L Korley, E V. Korolkova, H Kraus, S Kravitz, L Kreczko, B Krikler, VA Kudryavtsev, EA Leason, J Lee, DS Leonard, KT Lesko, C Levy, J Liao, J Lin, A Lindote, R Linehan, WH Lippincott, X Liu, MI Lopes, E Lopez Asamar, B Lopez Paredes, W Lorenzon, S Luitz, PA Majewski, A Manalaysay, L Manenti, RL Mannino, N Marangou, ME McCarthy, DN McKinsey, J McLaughlin, EH Miller, E Mizrachi, A Monte, ME Monzani, JA Morad, JD Morales Mendoza, E Morrison, BJ Mount, A St J Murphy, D Naim, A Naylor, C Nedlik, HN Nelson, F Neves, JA Nikoleyczik, A Nilima, I Olcina, KC Oliver-Mallory, S Pal, KJ Palladino, J Palmer, S Patton, N Parveen, EK Pease, B Penning, G Pereira, A Piepke, Y Qie, J Reichenbacher, CA Rhyne, A Richards, Q Riffard, GRC Rischbieter, R Rosero, P Rossiter, D Santone, ABMR Sazzad, RW Schnee, PR Scovell, S Shaw, TA Shutt, JJ Silk, C Silva, R Smith, M Solmaz, VN Solovov, P Sorensen, J Soria, I Stancu, A Stevens, K Stifter, B Suerfu, TJ Sumner, N Swanson, M Szydagis, WC Taylor, R Taylor, DJ Temples, PA Terman, DR Tiedt, M Timalsina, WH To, DR Tovey, M Tripathi, DR Tronstad, W Turner, U Utku, A Vaitkus, B Wang, JJ Wang, W Wang, JR Watson, RC Webb, RG White, TJ Whitis, M Williams, FLH Wolfs, D Woodward, CJ Wright, X Xiang, J Xu, M Yeh, P Zarzhitsky, LUX-ZEPLIN Collaboration

Projected sensitivities of the LUX-ZEPLIN experiment to new physics via low-energy electron recoils

Physical Review D American Physical Society 104:9 (2021) 92009

Authors:

Ds Akerib, Ak Al Musalhi, Sk Alsum, A Cottle, NM Fearon, E Gibson, Hans Kraus, KJ Palladino, A Stevens

Abstract:

LUX-ZEPLIN is a dark matter detector expected to obtain world-leading sensitivity to weakly-interacting massive particles interacting via nuclear recoils with a ∼7-tonne xenon target mass. This paper presents sensitivity projections to several low-energy signals of the complementary electron recoil signal type: 1) an effective neutrino magnetic moment, and 2) an effective neutrino millicharge, both for pp-chain solar neutrinos, 3) an axion flux generated by the Sun, 4) axionlike particles forming the Galactic dark matter, 5) hidden photons, 6) mirror dark matter, and 7) leptophilic dark matter. World-leading sensitivities are expected in each case, a result of the large 5.6 t 1000 d exposure and low expected rate of electron-recoil backgrounds in the <100 keV energy regime. A consistent signal generation, background model and profile-likelihood analysis framework is used throughout.