Organic solar cells—the path to commercial success
Advanced Energy Materials Wiley 11:1 (2020) 2002653
Abstract:Organic solar cells have the potential to become the cheapest form of electricity, beating even silicon photovoltaics. This article summarizes the state of the art in the field, highlighting research challenges, mainly the need for an efficiency increase as well as an improvement in long‐term stability. It discusses possible current and future applications, such as building integrated photovoltaics or portable electronics. Finally, the environmental footprint of this renewable energy technology is evaluated, highlighting the potential to be the energy generation technology with the lowest carbon footprint of all.
Studying the kinetic parameters of BaTi
5O 11 by using the thermoluminescence technique
Arabian Journal of Chemistry Elsevier 16:11 (2023) 105247-105247
Abstract:The present study discusses the thermoluminescence (TL) characteristics of monoclinic barium titanate (BaTi5O11) which is chemically prepared using the sol–gel technique. The crystallinity is confirmed by X-ray diffraction, and the oxidation state of each element, morphology, and particle size of the prepared powder are chemically probed by different spectroscopic tools including X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Energy dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy. The sample is irradiated by a beta (β)-source with different applied doses in the range of 1.1––385 Gy. The kinetic parameters which correspond to the charge carrier traps were determined. The analysis methods indicated that the TL glow curve of BaTi5O11 consists of 6 overlapped peaks corresponding to 6 electron traps. The values for the trap depth are found to be in the range 0.94–1.40 eV and the TL glow peaks are located between 380.4 and 560.5 K. The study confirms the potential of BaTi5O11 for β-dosimetry.
Understanding the Role of Non-Fullerene Acceptor Crystallinity on the Charge Transport Properties and Performance of Organic Solar Cells
Journal of Materials Chemistry A Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) (2023)
Abstract:<jats:p>The acceptor crystallinity has long been associated with favourable organic solar cells (OSCs) properties such as high mobility and Fill Factor. In particular, this applies to acceptor materials such as...</jats:p>
Understanding the role of non-fullerene acceptor crystallinity on the charge transport properties and performance of organic solar cells
Journal of Materials Chemistry A Royal Society of Chemistry 11:30 (2023) 16263-16278
Abstract:The acceptor crystallinity has long been associated with favourable organic solar cells (OSCs) properties such as high mobility and Fill Factor. In particular, this applies to acceptor materials such as fullerene-derivatives and the most recent Non-Fullerene Acceptors (NFAs), which are now surpassing 19% of Power Conversion Efficiency. Despite these advantages are commonly attributed to their 3-dimensional crystal packing motif in the single crystal, the bridge that links the acceptor crystal packing from single crystals to solar cells has not clearly been shown yet. In this work, we investigate the molecular organisation of seven NFAs (o-IDTBR, IDIC, ITIC, m-ITIC, 4TIC, 4TICO, m-4TICO), following the evolution of their packing motif in single-crystals, powder, and thin films made with pure NFAs and donor:NFA blends. We observed a good correlation between the NFA single crystal packing motif and their molecular arrangement in the bulk heterojunction. The NFA packing motif affects the material’s propensity to form highly crystalline domain in the blend. We specifically found that 3D reticular packing motifs show stronger ordering than 0D herringbone ones. However, the NFA packing motif is not directly correlating with device performance parameters: Although higher NFA crystallinity yields higher mobility, we found the domain purity to be more important for obtaining high efficiency organic solar cells by governing bimolecular recombination.
Vacuum deposited organic solar cells with BTIC-H as A–D–A non-fullerene acceptor
APL Materials AIP Publishing 11:6 (2023)