Neutron studies of a high spin fe19 molecular nanodisc

Magnetochemistry 7:6 (2021)


FL Pratt, T Guidi, P Manuel, CE Anson, J Tang, SJ Blundell, AK Powell


The molecular cluster system [Fe19 (metheidi)10 (OH)14O6 (H2O)12 ]NO3·24H2O, abbrevi-ated as Fe19, contains nineteen Fe(III) ions arranged in a disc-like structure with the total spin S = 35/2. For the first order, it behaves magnetically as a single molecule magnet with a 16 K anisotropy barrier. The high spin value enhances weak intermolecular interactions for both dipolar and superexchange mechanisms and an eventual transition to antiferromagnetic order occurs at 1.2 K. We used neutron diffraction to determine both the mode of ordering and the easy spin axis. The observed ordering was not consistent with a purely dipolar driven order, indicating a significant contribution from intermolecular superexchange. The easy axis is close to the molecular Fe1–Fe10 axis. Inelastic neutron scattering was used to follow the magnetic order parameter and to measure the magnetic excitations. Direct transitions to at least three excited states were found in the 2 to 3 meV region. Measurements below 0.2 meV revealed two low energy excited states, which were assigned to S = 39/2 and S = 31/2 spin states with respective excitation gaps of 1.5 and 3 K. Exchange interactions operating over distances of order 10 Å were determined to be on the order of 5 mK and were eight-times stronger than the dipolar coupling.

Magnetic and Structural Properties of Organic Radicals Based on Thienyl- and Furyl-Substituted Nitronyl Nitroxide



Tadashi Sugano, Stephen J Blundell, William Hayes, Hatsumi Mori

The Internal Field in a Ferromagnetic Crystal with Chiral Molecular Packing of Achiral Organic Radicals



Stephen J Blundell, Tom Lancaster, Peter J Baker, Francis L Pratt, Daisuke Shiomi, Kazunobu Sato, Takeji Takui

Concepts in Magnetism

Springer Proceedings in Physics 262 (2021) 39-62


I review some general concepts in magnetism including the nature of magnetic exchange (direct, indirect and superexchange), and how exchange interactions play out in multiple spin systems. The nature of atomic orbitals and the way in which they interact with the spin system is also considered. Several examples are also treated, including the Jahn–Teller interaction and its role in the properties in layered manganites.

Magnetic order and disorder in a quasi-two-dimensional quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnet with randomized exchange

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 102:17 (2020) ARTN 174429


F Xiao, WJA Blackmore, BM Huddart, M Gomilsek, TJ Hicken, C Baines, PJ Baker, FL Pratt, SJ Blundell, H Lu, J Singleton, D Gawryluk, MM Turnbull, KW Kramer, PA Goddard, T Lancaster