Alloying Effects on Charge-Carrier Transport in Silver-Bismuth Double Perovskites.
The journal of physical chemistry letters (2023) 10340-10347
Abstract:Alloying is widely adopted for tuning the properties of emergent semiconductors for optoelectronic and photovoltaic applications. So far, alloying strategies have primarily focused on engineering bandgaps rather than optimizing charge-carrier transport. Here, we demonstrate that alloying may severely limit charge-carrier transport in the presence of localized charge carriers (e.g., small polarons). By combining reflection-transmission and optical pump-terahertz probe spectroscopy with first-principles calculations, we investigate the interplay between alloying and charge-carrier localization in Cs2AgSbxBi1-xBr6 double perovskite thin films. We show that the charge-carrier transport regime strongly determines the impact of alloying on the transport properties. While initially delocalized charge carriers probe electronic bands formed upon alloying, subsequently self-localized charge carriers probe the energetic landscape more locally, thus turning an alloy's low-energy sites (e.g., Sb sites) into traps, which dramatically deteriorates transport properties. These findings highlight the inherent limitations of alloying strategies and provide design tools for newly emerging and highly efficient semiconductors.
Correction to "A Templating Approach to Controlling the Growth of Coevaporated Halide Perovskites".
ACS energy letters 8:11 (2023) 4714-4715
Abstract:[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.3c01368.].
A templating approach to controlling the growth of coevaporated halide perovskites
ACS Energy Letters American Chemical Society 8 (2023) 4008-4015
Abstract:Metal halide perovskite semiconductors have shown significant potential for use in photovoltaic (PV) devices. While fabrication of perovskite thin films can be achieved through a variety of techniques, thermal vapor deposition is particularly promising, allowing for high-throughput fabrication. However, the ability to control the nucleation and growth of these materials, particularly at the charge-transport layer/perovskite interface, is critical to unlocking the full potential of vapor-deposited perovskite PV. In this study, we explore the use of a templating layer to control the growth of coevaporated perovskite films and find that such templating leads to highly oriented films with identical morphology, crystal structure, and optoelectronic properties independent of the underlying layers. Solar cells incorporating templated FA0.9Cs0.1PbI3–xClx show marked improvements with steady-state power conversion efficiency over 19.8%. Our findings provide a straightforward and reproducible method of controlling the charge-transport layer/coevaporated perovskite interface, further clearing the path toward large-scale fabrication of efficient PV devices.
Contrasting charge-carrier dynamics across key metal-halide perovskite compositions through in situ simultaneous probes
Advanced Functional Materials Wiley (2023)
Abstract:Metal-halide perovskites have proven to be a versatile group of semiconductors for optoelectronic applications, with ease of bandgap tuning and stability improvements enabled by halide and cation mixing. However, such compositional variations can be accompanied by significant changes in their charge-carrier transport and recombination regimes that are still not fully understood. Here, a novel combinatorial technique is presented to disentangle such dynamic processes over a wide range of temperatures, based on transient free-space, high-frequency microwave conductivity and photoluminescence measurements conducted simultaneously in situ. Such measurements are used to reveal and contrast the dominant charge-carrier recombination pathways for a range of key compositions: prototypical methylammonium lead iodide perovskite (MAPbI3), the stable mixed formamidinium-caesium lead-halide perovskite FA0.83Cs0.17PbBr0.6I2.4 targeted for photovoltaic tandems with silicon, and fully inorganic wide-bandgap CsPbBr3 aimed toward light sources and X-ray detector applications. The changes in charge-carrier dynamics in FA0.83Cs0.17PbBr0.6I2.4 across temperatures are shown to be dominated by radiative processes, while those in MAPbI3 are governed by energetic disorder at low temperatures, low-bandgap minority-phase inclusions around the phase transition, and non-radiative processes at room temperature. In contrast, CsPbBr3 exhibits significant charge-carrier trapping at low and high temperatures, highlighting the need for improvement of material processing techniques for wide-bandgap perovskites.
Bandlike transport and charge-carrier dynamics in BiOI films
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters American Chemical Society 14:29 (2023) 6620-6629