Screening of Excitons by Organic Cations in Quasi-Two-Dimensional Organic-Inorganic Lead-Halide Perovskites.
Nano letters (2022)
Abstract:Interlayer organic cations in quasi-two-dimensional halide perovskites are a versatile tuning vehicle for the optoelectronic properties of these complex systems, but chemical intuition for this design route is yet to be established. Here, we use density functional theory, the GW approximation, and the Bethe-Salpeter equation approach to understand the contribution of the organic cation to the quasiparticle band gap and exciton binding energy of layered perovskites. We show that organic cations in quasi-two-dimensional perovskites contribute significantly to the dielectric screening in these systems, countering quantum confinement effects on the quasiparticle band gap and the exciton binding energy. Using a simple electrostatics model inspired by parallel-plate capacitors, we decouple the organic cation and inorganic layer contributions to the effective dielectric constants and show that dielectric properties of layered perovskites are broadly tunable via the interlayer cation, providing a direct means of tuning photophysical properties for a variety of applications.
Optoelectronic properties of mixed iodide-bromide perovskites from first-principles computational modeling and experiment
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters American Chemical Society 13:18 (2022) 4184-4192
Abstract:Halogen mixing in lead-halide perovskites is an effective route for tuning the band gap in light emission and multijunction solar cell applications. Here we report the effect of halogen mixing on the optoelectronic properties of lead-halide perovskites from theory and experiment. We applied the virtual crystal approximation within density functional theory, the <i>GW</i> approximation, and the Bethe-Salpeter equation to calculate structural, vibrational, and optoelectronic properties for a series of mixed halide perovskites. We separately perform spectroscopic measurements of these properties and analyze the impact of halogen mixing on quasiparticle band gaps, effective masses, absorption coefficients, charge-carrier mobilities, and exciton binding energies. Our joint theoretical-experimental study demonstrates that iodide-bromide mixed-halide perovskites can be modeled as homovalent alloys, and local structural distortions do not play a significant role for the properties of these mixed species. Our study outlines a general theoretical-experimental framework for future investigations of novel chemically mixed systems.
Tracking electron and hole dynamics in 3D dirac semimetals
Proceedings of the 46th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz 2021) IEEE (2021)
Abstract:Using ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy (OPTP) and ultrafast terahertz emission spectroscopy, we showcase the electron and hole dynamics in Cd3As2 nanowires (NWs), a well-known 3D Dirac semimetal a subgroup of the newly discovered . A temperature-dependent photoconductivity measurement was carried out yielding an incredibly high electron mobility ~ 16,000 cm2/Vs at 5K. Strong THz emission due to helicity-dependent surface photocurrents was also observed for both nanowires and single crystal (SC) which is highly desirable for devices such as THz sources.
Directed assembly of layered perovskite heterostructures as single crystals
Nature Springer Nature 597:7876 (2021) 355-359
Abstract:The precise stacking of different two-dimensional (2D) structures such as graphene and MoS2 has reinvigorated the field of 2D materials, revealing exotic phenomena at their interfaces1,2. These unique interfaces are typically constructed using mechanical or deposition-based methods to build a heterostructure one monolayer at a time2,3. By contrast, self-assembly is a scalable technique, where complex materials can selectively form in solution4,5,6. Here we show a synthetic strategy for the self-assembly of layered perovskite–non-perovskite heterostructures into large single crystals in aqueous solution. Using bifunctional organic molecules as directing groups, we have isolated six layered heterostructures that form as an interleaving of perovskite slabs with a different inorganic lattice, previously unknown to crystallize with perovskites. In many cases, these intergrown lattices are 2D congeners of canonical inorganic structure types. To our knowledge, these compounds are the first layered perovskite heterostructures formed using organic templates and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Notably, this interleaving of inorganic structures can markedly transform the band structure. Optical data and first principles calculations show that substantive coupling between perovskite and intergrowth layers leads to new electronic transitions distributed across both sublattices. Given the technological promise of halide perovskites4, this intuitive synthetic route sets a foundation for the directed synthesis of richly structured complex semiconductors that self-assemble in water.
Phonon Screening of Excitons in Semiconductors: Halide Perovskites and Beyond.
Physical review letters American Physical Society (APS) 127:6 (2021) 67401