Chemotactic self-caging in active emulsions.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 119:24 (2022) e2122269119
Abstract:A common feature of biological self-organization is how active agents communicate with each other or their environment via chemical signaling. Such communications, mediated by self-generated chemical gradients, have consequences for both individual motility strategies and collective migration patterns. Here, in a purely physicochemical system, we use self-propelling droplets as a model for chemically active particles that modify their environment by leaving chemical footprints, which act as chemorepulsive signals to other droplets. We analyze this communication mechanism quantitatively both on the scale of individual agent-trail collisions as well as on the collective scale where droplets actively remodel their environment while adapting their dynamics to that evolving chemical landscape. We show in experiment and simulation how these interactions cause a transient dynamical arrest in active emulsions where swimmers are caged between each other's trails of secreted chemicals. Our findings provide insight into the collective dynamics of chemically active particles and yield principles for predicting how negative autochemotaxis shapes their navigation strategy.
A topological fluctuation theorem.
Nature communications 13:1 (2022) 3036
Abstract:Fluctuation theorems specify the non-zero probability to observe negative entropy production, contrary to a naive expectation from the second law of thermodynamics. For closed particle trajectories in a fluid, Stokes theorem can be used to give a geometric characterization of the entropy production. Building on this picture, we formulate a topological fluctuation theorem that depends only by the winding number around each vortex core and is insensitive to other aspects of the force. The probability is robust to local deformations of the particle trajectory, reminiscent of topologically protected modes in various classical and quantum systems. We demonstrate that entropy production is quantized in these strongly fluctuating systems, and it is controlled by a topological invariant. We demonstrate that the theorem holds even when the probability distributions are non-Gaussian functions of the generated heat.
The long and winding road to understanding organismal construction: Reply to comments on "From genotypes to organisms: State-of-the-art and perspectives of a cornerstone in evolutionary dynamics".
Physics of life reviews 42 (2022) 19-24
Stochastic strong zero modes and their dynamical manifestations
ArXiv 2205.0911 (2022)
One-dimensional Luttinger liquids in a two-dimensional moiré lattice
Nature Springer Nature 605:7908 (2022) 57-62